Heatstroke is a condition caused by your body overheating, it is a form of hyperthermia usually as a result of extended exposure to or physical overexertion in high temperatures conditions and usually results in changes in nervous system. This most serious form of heat injury, heatstroke, can occur if your body temperature rises to 40 C or greater. The condition is most common in the summer time as because of the high temperature rise.
Heatstroke requires emergency treatment as if neglected can cause quick damage of brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. The damage worsens the longer treatment is delayed, increasing your risk of serious complications or death. The most important measures to prevent heat strokes are to avoid becoming dehydrated and to avoid vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather. It is important to always reach out to emergency services if heat stroke is suspected.
Signs and Symptoms of Heatstroke
-High body temperature. A core body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher, obtained with a rectal thermometer, is the main sign of heatstroke.
-Altered mental state or behavior. Agitation, Confusion slurred speech, irritability, delirium, seizures and coma can all result from heatstroke.
-Nausea and vomiting. You may feel sick to your stomach or vomit.
-Flushed skin. Your skin may turn red as your body temperature increases.
-Rapid breathing. Your breathing may become rapid and shallow.
-Racing heart rate. Your pulse may significantly increase because heat stress places a tremendous burden on your heart to help cool your body.
Treatment of Heatstroke
If you begin experiencing symptoms of heat exhaustion, try to find a cooler location if possible. For example, if you are outside, look for a shady area. If you are indoors, remove a layer of clothing or turn on the fan.
You may also want to lie down, or if that is not feasible, Avoid strenuous activities. That may help your body regulate temperature.
Drink water or a sports drink to help rehydrate yourself. Sports drinks have electrolytes, which your body loses through excessive sweating.
If you have become nauseated or vomit, seek help from a medical doctor right away.
A heat stroke is considered a medical emergency. Call your local emergency services immediately if you suspect that you’re having a heat stroke.
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