Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs. It can be caused by viruses, fungi and bacteria.
This infection causes inflammation in the air sacs in an individual's lungs, called the alveoli. This alveoli fill up with pus, hence causing difficulties in breathing.
Can pneumonia be contagious?
Germs that causes pneumonia are actually contagious, meaning it can be spread from one individual to another.
However, bacterial and viral pneumonia can spread due to inhalation of airborne droplets from a sneezing or coughing. You can contract these kind of pneumonia by being in contact with surfaces or objects that are already contaminated with bacteria or viruses that causes pneumonia.
Also, Fungal pneumonia can also be contracted from the environment, although it does not spread from one individual to another.
Symptoms of pneumonia
Pneumonia symptoms ranges from mild to life threatening and they can include the following:
● Coughing that may produce phlegm (mucus)
● Sweating or chills
● Shortness of breath that happens while doing normal activities or even while resting
● Chest pain that’s worse when you breathe or cough
● Feelings of tiredness or fatigue
● Loss of appetite
● Mausea or vomiting
Causes of pneumonia
There are various kinds of infectious agents that can cause pneumonia. They include:
The typically kmown cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Some other causes include:
● Mycoplasma pneumoniae
● Haemophilus influenzae
● Legionella pneumophila
● Viral pneumonia
Also, respiratory viruses are usually the cause of pneumonia. Examples include; influenza (flu), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinoviruses (common cold), viral pneumonia is usually milder and can improve in one to three weeks without treatment.
Fungi from bird droppings or soil can also result to pneumonia. They usually cause pneumonia in individuals with a weak immune systems.
Some examples of fungi that can result to pneumonia include the following:
● Pneumocystis jirovecii
● Cryptococcus species
● Histoplasmosis species
Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )
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