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Bladder pain: 5 main causes and what to do

Bladder pain usually indicates urinary tract infection, some irritation caused by cysts or stones but it can also be caused by some inflammation in the uterus or intestine. Thus, in order to know what is causing this pain, it is necessary to check if other symptoms are present, such as blood in the urine, pain in urination, fever or discharge in the vagina or penis, for example.

Treatment should always be indicated by the general practitioner, but the gynecologist or urologist can also indicate the causes and treatment most suitable for the home situation.

Dor na bexiga: 5 principais causas e o que fazer

The main causes and treatments for bladder pain are:

1. Urinary infection

Urinary tract infection can affect the bladder, urethra or, when more severe, the kidneys, being the most frequent cause of bladder pain. It is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Pain in the pelvis or bladder when urinating ;
  • A lot of desire to urinate, but a little amount comes out;
  • Too much urgency to urinate;
  • Presence of blood in the urine;
  • Pain in the urethra or bladder during intercourse ;
  • Low fever.

Although it is more frequent in women, it can also happen in men of all ages. In the presence of urinary tract infection symptoms, the urologist or gynecologist should be sought, but if the consultation is to take time, it is necessary to go to the emergency room for an assessment to be made with observation of the intimate region and urine test.

How to treat : If the presence of an infection is confirmed, the doctor may indicate the use of antibiotics, such as Norfloxacin, Sulfa or Phosphomycin, for example. Analgesic remedies, such as Paracetamol, or anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Ibuprofen, can be used to relieve pain and discomfort. In addition, during recovery, it is important to drink about 2 liters of water a day and maintain good intimate hygiene. Cranberry tea is a great home remedy that can fight this infection naturally.

2. Painful bladder syndrome

Also known as interstitial cystitis, painful bladder syndrome is an inflammation or irritation of the bladder wall of unclear cause, which can happen in both men and women. This syndrome can also cause signs and symptoms such as :

  • Bladder pain;
  • Burning or pain during urination;
  • Difficulty urinating;
  • Pain during intimate intercourse;
  • Willingness to urinate several times a day and night.

These symptoms can have periods of improvement and worsening, and it is common for them to be confused with urinary tract infection, which makes the person to receive repeated antibiotic treatments unnecessarily, therefore, one should think about this disease whenever there are persistent symptoms. and recurring.

In addition, in some people, these symptoms may appear or exacerbate with the consumption of substances such as cigarettes, coffee, alcohol, black tea, acidic foods or psychological causes.

How to treat: analgesic or anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to relieve symptoms, in addition to being important to treat the causes of stress and anxiety, with psychotherapy or alternative therapies, such as meditation, and to avoid the use of substances that trigger crises. 

3. Neurogenic bladder

The neurogenic bladder is a dysfunction in the ability to relax and contract the bladder and urinary tract, caused by neurological diseases, which causes urinary incontinence, a feeling of incomplete emptying in the urine and, in many cases, pain in the belly.

It can be of the hypoactive type, in which the bladder cannot contract voluntarily, and accumulates urine, or overactive, in which the bladder contracts easily, causing urgency to urinate at inappropriate times, being more common in women.

How to treat: the neurogenic bladder is treated according to the cause and symptoms reported by each person, and it may be necessary to perform physiotherapy, use of drugs such as oxybutynin or tolterodine, passage of bladder catheter or, in some cases, surgical procedure. 

4. Blamings in the bladder

Bladder pain can be caused by some type of inflammation in this organ, which can be caused by conditions such as:

  • Bladder endometriosis, caused by implants of uterine tissue in the bladder, which causes chronic and severe pain, worsening in the premenstrual period;
  • Use of medications, such as some chemotherapy, that can cause irritation of the bladder tissue
  • Use of bladder catheter for a long time;
  • Immunological causes, in which there is a self-aggression of bladder cells;
  • Bladder cancer, which causes injuries in the region.

In addition, changes in the prostate, in the case of men, can be an important cause of pain in this region, due to inflammation, infections or tumor of this organ.

How to treat: inflammation in the bladder should be treated according to its cause, and symptoms should be relieved with analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs and then discussed with the doctor what the possibilities of treatment are, such as surgical procedure or remedies.

5. Kidney stone

The stone can be installed in any region of the urinary tract, and can be at the level of the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra. It can cause pain when moving or impacting in some region of the urinary tract, which is usually of strong intensity, and may be associated with the presence of bleeding in the urine and nausea.

How to treat: the urologist will indicate the appropriate treatment, according to the size and location of the stone, which can be with observation or surgery. It is important to hydrate yourself by drinking about 2 liters of water a day, to facilitate the expulsion of the stone and to hinder possible kidney complications.

Dor na bexiga: 5 principais causas e o que fazer

Bladder pain can be pregnancy?

Generally, bladder pain does not indicate pregnancy, however, every pregnant woman is more likely to develop urinary tract infection at this stage, which is why it is common to associate bladder pain with pregnancy. However, urinary infections in pregnancy do not usually appear before the woman finds out she is pregnant, being a later change.

When the pregnant woman feels pain in her bladder, this is a symptom that is mainly due to the body changes that the woman undergoes during this period, which is more common at the end of pregnancy, mainly due to the pressure that the enlarged uterus puts on the organs of the pelvis.

In addition, due to increased production of the hormone progesterone, the bladder becomes more relaxed and may contain more urine, which together with the weight of the uterus on the bladder can cause discomfort when urinating or bladder pain during the day. Because she has a protein-rich urine, the pregnant woman is also more willing to develop a urinary tract infection and thus feel pain in her bladder.

How to treat: To reduce or prevent bladder pain during pregnancy, the pregnant woman must drink plenty of water, wear comfortable cotton and clothing, maintain good hygiene of the intimate area and rest long enough during the day to avoid stress.

Other causes of bladder pain

Inflammations in the organs of the region in the pelvis can cause abdominal pain and radiate to other places, which can give the feeling of pain in the bladder. Some of the main causes are:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, caused by infections of the vagina and uterus;
  • Endometriosis of other organs of the pelvis, such as tubes, ovaries, intestine and peritoneum;
  • Bowel diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome;
  • Abdominal cramps, caused by menstruation or pregnancy;
  • Inflammations of the pelvis muscles or joints.

These causes will be investigated in case of bladder pain that was not justified by other more likely causes such as infection, calculus or inflammation in the bladder, and the diagnosis can be made by the urologist or gynecologist.

(Reference - https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/bladder-pain)

Content created and supplied by: Zeeboi598 (via Opera News )

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