Image credit: mirror.co.uk
Testicular trauma refers to anytime a testicle is hurt by force. The testicles are a vital part of the male reproductive system. They are the two oval-shaped organs located inside the scrotum, and are responsible for making sperm and producing testosterone.
However, the testicles are easily injured because they are not protected by muscle or bone. Due to their location in the scrotum, which hangs outside the body, the testicles lack traditional protection structures that most other organs in the body have.
Blunt trauma (a strike) causes about 85% of testicular injuries. Examples include:
• Getting kicked
• Getting hit by a ball
• Motorcycle accident
• Bicycle accident
Other mishaps can cut or pierce the scrotum and injure the testicles. These include animal bites, bullet wounds, and accidents with machinery.What Kind Of Injury Can Affect The Testicles?
Depending on how hard it was hit, the testicles might experience some of the following:
1. Rupture or Fracture: An injury can rupture or tear the tough, protective covering surrounding the testicle and damage the testicle. This is called a testicular rupture or fracture.
2. Degloving: In this type of injury, the scrotum is torn away, like removing a glove from a hand.
3. Contusion: When an accident injures blood vessels in the testicle, it can cause a wound, which may involve bleeding and bruising.
4. Hematoceles: This can occur when blood collects under a layer of the protective covering around the testicle.
5. Testicular Torsion: A tube called the spermatic cord contains blood vessels that lead from the abdomen to the testicle. A scrotum injury can cause this cord to twist, which is called torsion. Torsion can also happen spontaneously, without an injury.
6. Dislocation: This occurs when an accident pushes the testicle out of the scrotum, often into the abdomen, near the pubic bone over the male organ or in other areas near the scrotum.
7. Epididymitis: Testicular trauma can injure the epididymis, leaving it inflamed or infected. The epididymis is a coiled tube that holds sperm for a while after they leave the testicle. If left untreated, it may lead to shrinkage of the testicles, death of testicular tissue, and infertility.
What Are The Symptoms Of Testicular Trauma?
There are a range of possible symptoms with testicular trauma. These include:
*Severe pain in the scrotum.
*Bruising and/or swelling in the scrotum.
*Pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen.
*Nausea and/or vomiting.
*Enlargement of the affected testicle.
*Blood in urine.
*Difficulty urinating.What Can I Do If I Get Hit In The Balls?
Mild pain from getting hit should subside within 15 minutes. However, if the pain persists for more than an hour, accompanied by any of the symptoms above, then you need to see your doctor as soon as possible.
Image credits: quora; shutterstock
Article References: Betterhealth.vic.gov.au
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