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Disease prevention and treatment

How to properly treat open wounds to avoid infection

According to healthline - A knife scratch is a common accident that occurs when you are not focusing on the activity you are doing. If the wound is only mild and not deep, it will not require difficult wound treatment.

However, what if the accident involved a sufficiently deep open wound? Don’t panic, when you experience deep open wounds, try applying the wound treatments below!

First aid for open wounds

At least you’ve probably experienced an open wound once in your life, whether it’s scratched, cracked, crushed, or to the most extreme skin and meat cracked.

The open wound treatments below are only for open wounds of a certain depth that can still be overcome at home with such equipment. When you have an open wound, do the following treatments:

1. Wash your hands first.

The most basic step of open wound treatment is to always wash your hands with clean water and soap first so that bacteria, viruses, or other organisms in the hand do not enter and infect the wound.

2. Stop the bleeding.

The next open wound treatment is to stop the bleeding before starting to clean the wound. When the open wound is small and not deep, the bleeding will stop on its own.

However, for deeper open wounds, you need to put a little pressure on the wound using a cloth or bandage. If the bandage or cloth is already full of blood, add a new one on it, do not remove the previous bandage and cloth.

Cutting off the tissue or bandage that was first attached to the wound can remove the wounds that have already begun to freeze and even trigger bleeding again.

3. Clean the wound.

The next stage of open wound treatment is by cleaning the wound under flowing water slowly and applying soap around the wounds.

Avoid putting soap in the wound and using iodine or hydrogen peroxide soap.

If there are sticky objects on the wound, such as debris or dirt, use a pincet that has been cleaned with alcohol to remove it. Visit a doctor if you can’t get it out.

4. Use of antibiotic cream.

You can apply an antibiotic cream thinly on the wound to reduce the risk of infected wounds. If rashes appear on the skin after applying the cream, stop using it.

5. Covered wounds

Another important open wound treatment is covering the wound with a bandage to prevent a wound from re-opening or becoming infected. If the wound belongs to light and not deep, you should not cover it with a bandage.

6. Tagged tetanus

If the wound is open inside and is caused by dirty or contaminated objects, such as a cracked knife or a piece of wood, it is best to undergo a tetanus injection if you have not undergone it in five years.

7. No possibility of infection.

Even if you have successfully implemented open wound treatment measures, you still need to note that there is no possibility of infection that occurs on the wound for several days.

Some of the signs of infection in the wound are increasing pain, swelling, redness, a warm sensation on the wounds, and the presence of dirt or fluid out of the injury.

8. Replace the wound cover.

Open wound treatment is not completed only by closing the wound. You also need to diligently change the bandage at least once a day or when the bandages are wet or dirty.

Do the above open wound treatments sequentially and carefully so that open wounds do not get infected. You still need to clean and dry the wound for at least five days ahead of it.

If the wound feels painful, you can take the acetaminophen antigen drug according to the instructions on the packaging. Avoid taking aspirin because aspirin can cause bleeding. Your doctor may also give you antibiotics if your wound is wide enough, deep enough, or at risk of getting infected.

You can put ice stone wrapped cloth on the wound if there is scarring or swelling. When the wound begins to heal, do not scratch the scarf so that the wounds do not open again.

Treatment of open wounds should be carried out carefully and carefully to avoid complications from infection. However, not all injuries can be treated at home.

Consult a doctor immediately if the bleeding does not stop despite pressure, lasts for more than 20 minutes, or is caused by a serious accident. You also need to see a doctor if the open wound is deeper than one centimetre.

Content created and supplied by: Sportyblitz (via Opera News )


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