Kidney disease is characterized by the reduced ability of your kidneys to filter toxins and excess wastes from your bloodstream. Eventually, your kidneys can't filter waste as efficiently as they do now.
Eventually, wastes build up in the body, causing dehydration, weight gain, and pain. Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic kidney failure, refers to the gradual loss of kidney functionality over time.
Chronic kidney disease, when severe, can also lead to heart disease and kidney failure. To detect the signs of kidney disease, your doctor will check your urine for blood cells - protein, albumin, and kidney albumin.
If your kidney functions poorly, these blood cells will be low in quantity and may be visible on a urinalysis or blood test. Your doctor will also perform an ultrasound exam to detect whether fluid collects in the urinary bladder.
Another common form of kidney disease is hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism is caused by too much parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream. It occurs more often in women than men and usually manifests as bone pain, fatigue, and frequent urination.
Because this condition can cause long-term health problems, it's very important that you visit your doctor regularly and discuss how to treat your hyperparathyroidism.
The most severe type of kidney disease is called chronic kidney failure
If you have been suffering from kidney disease for more than a year, you are at risk for kidney failure. This condition means that your kidneys no longer filter out toxins and wastes in the blood correctly.
Symptoms of kidney failure include frequent urination, dehydration, muscle weakness, bone pain, unexplained weight loss, and dark urine due to an accumulation of crystallized deposits in the urine. Although these symptoms sound scary, they are usually only a warning of advanced kidney failure.
To help prevent kidney disease, you need to make some lifestyle changes
These changes may include a diet that is high in water, foods rich in antioxidants, and herbal dietary supplements. If you don't make these lifestyle changes, your health will deteriorate over time.
You may even be surprised to find that you have kidney disease and not just some other ailment that you thought you were fine. One thing about kidney disease is that once you get tested, you may have to go through several tests to find out exactly what's going on.
Some symptoms of kidney disease include blood in the urine, fever, lethargy, muscle and bone pain, urinating more than four times a day, vomiting, and having blood in the stool.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to get tested immediately by a doctor, so that you can start treating your kidney disease and getting healthy again.
There are several risk factors for kidney disease
However, if you can take steps to lower your risk factors, you can lower your risk of kidney failure. Some of the risk factors for kidney disease include: being overweight or obese.
Being over fifty years of age, having kidney disease whether or not you know it, having a family history of kidney disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and taking alcohol or drugs. If you smoke cigarettes or use illegal drugs, you increase your risk of kidney failure.
Even if you are not at risk for kidney disease or kidney failure, you can also protect yourself from many of the complications that come with either kidney disease or kidney failure.
By cutting back on tobacco use, losing weight, taking medications to control diabetes, losing excessive body weight, and changing your lifestyle to include increased physical activity, you can greatly reduce the risk of kidney disease. In addition to these lifestyle changes, you can try to get tested for and treat high blood pressure, diabetes, and kidney disease.
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