Your body’s circulation system is responsible for sending blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout your body. When blood flow to a specific part of your body is reduced, you may experience the symptoms of poor circulation. Poor circulation is most common in your extremities, such as your legs and arms.
Poor circulation isn’t a condition in itself. Instead, it results from other health issues. Therefore, it’s important to treat the underlying causes, rather than just the symptoms. Several conditions can lead to poor circulation.
Some of the symptoms of poor blood circulation include.
• Coldness in the legs and feet.
• Swollen veins and arteries.
• Heaviness in legs and feet.
• Skin discoloration.
• Swollen legs and feet.
• Pelvic pain or discomfort.
• Restless legs and feet.
• Numbness and tingling.
• Aches or leg pain.
• Lack of hair growth on legs and feet.
• Toenails grow very slowly or stop growing.
Some of the things or factors that trigger poor blood circulation in people include.
1. High blood sugar
You may think diabetes only affects your blood sugar, but it can also cause poor circulation in certain parts of your body. This includes cramping in your legs, as well as pain in your calves, thighs, or buttocks. This cramping may be especially bad when you’re physically active. People with advanced diabetes may have difficulty detecting the signs of poor circulation. This is because diabetic neuropathy can cause reduced sensation in the extremities.
2. Salt intake
Over time, too much intake of salt can cause hypertension, which stiffens and narrows the blood vessels. Very high dietary sodium appears to be especially harmful to blood vessels. It destroys their innermost layer, known as the endothelial layer. This thin sheet of cells helps blood vessels dilate to increase blood flow when the need arises.
Carrying around extra pounds puts a burden on your body. If you’re overweight, sitting or standing for hours may lead to circulation problems.
Being overweight or obese also puts you at an increased risk for many other causes of poor circulation, including varicose veins and blood vessel problems.
Nicotine causes your blood vessels to constrict or narrow, which limits the amount of blood that flows to your organs. Over time, the constant constriction results in blood vessels that are stiff and less elastic. Constricted blood vessels decrease the amount of oxygen and nutrients your cells receive.
5. Sedentary lifestyle
So when supplies of BDNF decrease, cortisol increases, which leads to increased stress. Blood flow to the brain also slows when you're sedentary, which reduces the amount of oxygen your brain receives.
Ways to prevent poor blood circulation in the body include.
1. Exercising the body on regular basis.
Exercise is essential for heart and circulatory health. Low-impact exercise such as walking, stationary bicycling, yoga, and swimming can reduce the discomfort caused by poor circulation
2. Maintaining a healthy weight always.
Carrying excess weight puts additional strain on your heart, joints, and vascular system. Maintaining a healthy weight reduces your risk of diabetes, heart disease, poor blood circulation, and arthritis.
3. Avoid too much salt and sugar intake.
4. Avoid smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol.
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