A bruise occurs when blood becomes trapped under the skin, usually because of an impact that damages a tiny blood vessel. A fall, blow, or anything else that puts sudden high pressure on the skin can cause a bruise. Very forceful blows can damage bones, causing deep bleeding and bruises that take several weeks to heal. Minor bruises often heal in a few days. People get bruises for different reasons. Some are caused, while others appear on their own. As opposed to younger individuals, older people are more prone to bruises. However, the most important thing to take note of is the possible causes behind why anybody bruises. It could either be due to a health condition or some medications. Read on to find out.
Many genetic conditions can cause a person’s blood to clot slowly or not at all. Von Willebrand disease, the most prevalent bleeding disorder, affects about 1% of the population. A person with this condition has defective or absent von Willebrand protein, which is important for blood clotting. When a genetic bleeding disorder causes easy bruising, it is also possible that the person may bleed to excess or even experience life-threatening hemorrhages. The symptoms do not appear suddenly. Instead, they are present from birth, so genetic bleeding disorders are most commonly present in babies and young children.
Not all, but certain cancers associated with the blood or bone marrow, known as Leukemia, may lead to bruising. Those with leukemia are likely to bruise because their bodies do not produce enough platelets to stop bleeding blood vessels. The bruises from leukemia are however no different from the bruises caused by any other reason. But they may show up in unusual areas of the body.
Vasculitis refers to a group of conditions that cause inflamed blood vessels. In addition to increased bleeding and bruising, a person may experience shortness of breath, numbness in the limbs, and ulcers, skin lumps, or purple spots on the skin.
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