Adults are more likely to get hypothyroidism illnesses, but children are also susceptible to this hormonal problem. People of all ages, including children and babies, might be affected by this endocrine condition.
Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disease in which the thyroid gland (the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck) does not produce enough thyroid hormone to keep the body operating normally. Thyroid hormone deficiency can cause a child's growth to slow down, as well as other symptoms such as weariness, weight gain, constipation, and cognitive impairment.
Hypothyroidism in children is caused by a variety of factors.
When someone in the family already has hypothyroidism, it is more likely to affect children. Children who have endocrine abnormalities in their parents, grandparents, or siblings are more prone to have this illness. The endocrine abnormality is either present at birth or develops later in childhood in the younger ones.
The thyroid does not create or release enough thyroid hormone into the bloodstream in this illness. It causes weight gain and makes it difficult to handle cold temperatures by slowing the metabolism and lowering the growth rate.
Who is most at risk?
Children with certain medical disorders are more likely to develop hypothyroidism later in life. It contains conditions such as:
A chromosomal abnormality
An autoimmune disease is a disorder in which the body's immune system consumes too much or too little iodine.
The thyroid gland is injured.
Head and neck irradiation is a type of irradiation that is used
During pregnancy, the mother has an untreated thyroid condition.
Hypothyroidism symptoms in neonates
Hypothyroidism symptoms in children differ based on their age. In infants, the indications are different than in younger children. The indications occur in neonates a few weeks or months after birth. The following are examples of common warning signs:
The skin turns yellow, as do the whites of the eyes.
Less crying due to cold skin
The tongue is big.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism in children and adolescents
Hypothyroidism symptoms in younger children are similar to those in adults to some extent. There are a few:
Height is shorter than average
Legs that are shorter than typical
Mental growth is slow.
Hair that is brittle and a face that is puffy
Skin that is parched
The treatment for hypothyroidism in neonates and younger children differs. The doctor may prescribe daily thyroid hormone therapy with drugs, depending on the severity of the illness. It's critical to receive effective hypothyroidism therapy in order to manage the symptoms. Hypothyroidism, if left untreated, can cause nervous system disorders and developmental delays.
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