Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation. The exact causes of miscarriage are not always known, but various medical conditions can increase the risk of pregnancy loss. It is essential to understand these medical conditions and take the necessary steps to prevent miscarriage.
As reported by Nih.gov, the following are some medical conditions that can lead to miscarriage:
One common medical condition that can lead to miscarriage is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may experience irregular menstrual cycles, high levels of male hormones, and insulin resistance. These factors can make it difficult for women with PCOS to conceive and carry a pregnancy to full term.
Another medical condition that can increase the risk of miscarriage is thyroid disorder. Hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone, can lead to miscarriage, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Similarly, hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, can also increase the risk of miscarriage.
Autoimmune disorders such as lupus, antiphospholipid syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis can also lead to miscarriage. These disorders can cause the immune system to attack the developing fetus, leading to pregnancy loss.
Additionally, uncontrolled diabetes can increase the risk of miscarriage. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels and organs, leading to complications during pregnancy. Women with diabetes are also at increased risk of developing preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication that can lead to premature delivery and miscarriage.
It is important for women who are planning to conceive to talk to their healthcare provider about their medical history and any medical conditions they may have. Early detection and management of these conditions can reduce the risk of miscarriage and improve pregnancy outcomes.
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