Dua is essentially an expression of submission of faith to God and of one's neediness.
Type I: Du'a al-mas'alah, or the 'du'a of asking.' This type of du'a is when one asks for the fulfillment of a need, or that some harm be removed from him/her. An example would be when a person asks, "O God! Grant me good in this world, and good in the next life!"
It was reported that the Prophet (PBUH) used to recite this Dua:
اللّهُـمَّ رَحْمَتَـكَ أَرْجـوفَلا تَكِلـني إِلى نَفْـسي طَـرْفَةَ عَـيْن، وَأَصْلِـحْ لي شَأْنـي كُلَّـه لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أنْـت
“O Allah, I hope for Your mercy. Do not leave me to myself even for the blinking of an eye (i.e. a moment). Correct all of my affairs for me.
There is none worthy of worship but You.” (Abu Dawud 4/324, Ahmad 5/42. Al-Albani graded it as good in Sahih Abu Dawud 3/959.)
In al-Saheehayn it was reported from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say, when he felt distressed or depression and worries:
لا إلَهَ إلاَّ اللَّهُ الْعَظـيمُ الْحَلِـيمْ، لا إلَهَ إلاَّ اللَّهُ رَبُّ العَـرْشِ العَظِيـمِ، لا إلَهَ إلاَّ اللَّهُ رَبُّ السَّمَـوّاتِ ورّبُّ الأَرْضِ ورَبُّ العَرْشِ الكَـريم
“La ilaaha ill-Allaah al-‘Azeem ul-Haleem, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Rabb il-‘arsh il-‘azeem, Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Rabb is-samawaati wa Rabb il-ard wa Rabb il-‘arsh il-kareem”
“There is no god except Allaah, the All-Mighty, the Forbearing; there is no god except Allaah, the Lord of the Mighty Throne;
there is no god except Allaah, Lord of the heavens, Lord of the earth and Lord of the noble Throne.” (Al-Bukhari 8/154, Muslim 4/2092, ).
Situations When Your Dua Is Accepted
The scholars have mentioned that if you find yourself to be in any of the situations below, it is ideal for your dua to be accepted.
1.A person who has been wronged or oppressed.
2.A person going through a severe difficulty after a calamity.
3.A person who is traveling.
4.A person who is fasting.
5.A woman in labor.
6.A person who is reciting or finished reciting the Quran.
7.A person who is performing Hajj or Umrah.
8.A person who makes dua for someone in their absence (when you make dua for someone in their absence, an angel says: “ameen and to you”).
9.A person who is in a state of remembrance of Allah constantly.
10.A person who is a just ruler.
Times When Your Dua Is Accepted
All of these times are mentioned by scholars and are in the Sunnah of the Prophet PBUH for the best times when dua is accepted.
1-The early morning hours (the last portion of the night until the start of fajr - divide the night between maghrib and fajr into three parts).
2-After the adhan.
3-During the salah (when a slave is closest to his Lord in a state of prostration or before the end of salah after finishing the tashahhud).
4-After the obligatory prayers.
5-A period of time on a Friday (some scholars say it is when the Imam sits down between the two khutbahs, and some say it is the last period of time before Maghrib).
6-When waking up at night, after performing wudu.
7-Before drinking the waters of Zamzam.
8-During the month of Ramadan.
9-During laylat-ul-Qadr (The Night of Decree).
10-While visiting the sick.
11-When rain falls.
12-At places such as Mecca, Arafat, and Medina (when one goes for hajj or umra).
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