Gonorrhea is one of the most common sèxually transmitted diseases (STDs) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This STD is very contagious and is spread through sèxual contact (vaginal, anal, and oral) with an infected person. It can even spread from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth.
According to medicalnewstoday, Gonorrhea can cause serious health complications, ranging from infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) to blindness in newborns, if it is left untreated. It is important to recognize the early signs and seek appropriate medical treatment.
In men, the most common symptom is a discharge from the pènis, burning sensation while urinating, or a red or swollen urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the pènis. Other symptoms may include pain in the lower abdomen or testicles if the infection has spread.
In women, the symptoms may be quite different and might go unnoticed. This is because the symptoms may vary depending on the location of the infection. Common symptoms include yellow or green vaginal discharge, pain, bleeding, and burning sensation while urinating. In some cases, the infection can spread to the cervix and cause an infection, which can lead to PID. In rare cases, a woman might experience fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
The most effective way to diagnose gonorrhea is to get tested. Some gonorrhea tests require a urine sample, others require samples taken with a swab from the throat, anus, urethra, or vàgina. It is possible to be infected with gonorrhea and not show any symptoms, so if you think you may have been exposed, it’s important to get tested.
If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause long-term, serious health problems, including potential infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), recurrent pregnancy loss, and ectopic pregnancy. It is also important to remember that gonorrhea cannot be cured with over-the-counter medications and it is highly contagious.
Medical treatment for gonorrhea includes antibiotics. In most cases, a single injection of ceftriaxone and a single dose of oral azithromycin is used to treat a gonorrhea infection. Most people have no side effects, but some may experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, or rashes. Those who are allergic to penicillin or other antibiotics to treat gonorrhea may need to find alternate treatment.
In addition to medical treatment, it is important for people who are sèxually active to use barrier protection such as condoms to help prevent the spread of STDs. Regular testing for gonorrhea and other STDs is also important to ensure early detection and treatment.
It is important to recognize the early signs of gonorrhea and seek treatment from a healthcare provider as soon as possible to prevent long-term complications. A person who is infected with gonorrhea should notify their sèxual partner or partners and anyone else they may have had sèxual contact with recently to get tested and treated.
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