The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and other animals including most tetrapods, a few fish, and some snails. The main function of the lungs is to perform the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide with air from the atmosphere. Since the lung is a delicate organ, it requires adequate care and attention.
One of the major diseases that can affect the lung is lung cancer. It is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke. It occurs when the cells of the lungs begin to duplicate abnormally. Though lung cancer remains an extremely deadly type of cancer, there is great hope on the horizon to reduce the fatalities associated with this disease. Being one of the most dangerous types of cancers, lung cancer contributes to 1 in every 4 deaths globally.
Some of the things that cause lung cancer that you need to avoid include;
Cigarette smoking can deteriorate the inner lining of the lung. Inhaled cigarette smoke contains carcinogens which are cancer-causing agents such as benzene and ethylene oxide. Studies have shown that smoking contributes to more than 90% of lung cancer cases.
2. Avoid second-hand smoke
People who are exposed to secondhand smoke can also face the same health effects as people who smoke. Passive smoking at home, work or public places can increase your risk of developing lung cancer. Once you are exposed to secondhand smoke for some minutes, the arteries become less flexible, just like they do in a person who is smoking a cigarette.
3. Avoid exposure to radon
Radon exposure is the leading cause of lung cancer in non-smokers. Radon being a radioactive gas can accumulate in homes. When it enters the respiratory tract during breathing, it can lead to lung cancer due to the carcinogen present in it.
Everyone should adhere to the tips of this article to avoid lung cancer.
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