Many a times we are left confused when someone suddenly collapses in front of us. Different thoughts running through our little mind, should you run away or assist in calling for help?
Here is the thing, when someone's heart stops beating, it is referred to as "Cold blue". Cold blue is a medical term used to describe the stoppage of one's heart. It can be said the person has had an heart attack.
Heart attack is also known as a Myocardial infarction. An infarction is the death or necrosis of a tissue due to lack of blood supply to it. When the muscle of the heart(myocardial) is starved of blood and indirectly of oxygen, it dies immediately and stops beating hence it can lead to one collapsing.
As an individual, if someone goes through that in front of you, you should first of all call for help after which you check for a pulse either through the Carotid artery in the neck or the brachial artery in the anterolateral aspect of the wrist. If you can't feel a pulse, you are expected to start a CPR or Chest compression immediately. CPR is a short form for Cardio Pulmonary resuscitation.
CPR on it's own isn't enough. While carrying out a CPR, you are expected to call for help immediately. If you have an access to an EpiPen, you can administer to the victim. EpiPen is a short form for Epinephrine Pen. An Epinephrine is a hormone released by the Adrenal gland and the main function of the Adrenal gland is for fight or flight response. An Epinephrine carry out the same function as an adrenaline as it stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and carry out the functions of the sympathetic nervous system such as constriction of blood vessels thus leading to an increased blood pressure. It sends the blood round the body to prevent death of vital tissues. It also restricts blood from flowing into unimportant tissues.
CPR or chest compressions is vital but not enough. It is done to keep oxygenated blood flowing round the body. Chest compressions should be 2 inches deep and a 100 beats per minute. While doing that, you shouldn't mind if the victim breaks a rib because it is better he is alive with broken ribs than dead with complete ribs. Help should be called immediately while carrying it out.
Hope this article saves a life. If you have any question regarding this, drop it in the comment section.
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