The cause of thyroid cancer isn't known, although certain risk factors have been established and include: a family history of nodules, extreme exposure to radiation, and certain genetic syndromes.
The most frequent symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer are a lump, sometimes felt at the neck or throat area, difficulty swallowing, chest pain, swelling, and unexplained ear pain.
Thyroid nodules are more often found in elderly women, yet they're just as likely in a young person of any age. It's important that anyone who has had symptoms or signs of thyroid cancer seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Early detection of cancer significantly increases your chances of surviving the disease. If caught quickly enough, there are many ways to treat thyroid cancer. Doctors will typically remove a section of the affected tissue to remove the tumor.
Depending on the type of tumor, this might be a minor operation, such as liposuction or minor surgery to remove pockets of abnormal tissue, or a larger operation, such as thyroidectomy or pyloroplasty, which removes the entire thyroid gland.
A blood test may indicate if a patient is a high risk. In order to treat thyroid cancer, doctors may want to use some high-tech procedures, such as microscopic surgery, or a biopsy may be performed to determine if the tumor is dangerous.
Once the exact type and stage of the tumor have been determined, the doctor may consider trying to remove only the affected cells or all of them. This approach can dramatically reduce the possibility of suffering from side effects from surgery.
Risk factors associated with thyroid cancer are varied. People who smoke or have a family history are at greater risk than others. Age and weight are also risk factors.
Those with large tumors or those who have very high levels of thyroid hormone in their body are at a higher risk. People who have had radiation therapy to the neck are also at greater risk because the radiation often affects the lymph nodes and blood vessels.
During treatment for thyroid cancer, patients may have a prognosis. This means they will know what the outcome of the tumor will be. This outlook is based on how far the disease has spread.
The prognosis will also include how many times the disease has spread. If the disease has spread significantly, the outlook will be more serious. The prognosis will state how soon cancer will be treated and whether it will be successful or if the prognosis is unknown.
Other symptoms that may cause concern are chest pain, fever, weight loss, or swelling near the neck. These symptoms usually mean that there is a small lump that needs to be checked out. These symptoms also may cause the doctor to want to perform a biopsy.
When you have a thyroid prognosis, you can expect treatment to be started immediately. If the lump is not cancerous, the doctor may recommend surgery to remove it.
If it is a cancerous lump, it may require immediate surgery to remove it. After surgery, you may need to stay in the hospital for a period of time before being released to home.
Some types of thyroid cancer include medullary thyroid cancer, which is extremely rare; adenocarcinoma, which is common; follicular-stem cells (FTC), which are also common; and malignant polyps.
Medullary thyroid cancer includes symptoms like persistent fatigue, constipation, hair loss, stiffness of joints, mouth sores, slow growth rate, pale skin, fever, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and increased appetite.
If these symptoms do not occur, it is likely that you do not have this condition. Also, if the doctor finds out that you do have this condition, you will most likely be given radioactive iodine or a drug to control symptoms until your test results come back. Malignant polyps require surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy.
Content created and supplied by: Akinpedia (via Opera News )