Unfortunately, cancer deaths are becoming more rampant in our rising population. The rates at which elderly men and women are losing their lives to cancer call for concerns to enlighten people on the early signs and symptoms of cancer and how it can be prevented. Although we may not be able to completely prevent or cure cancer, research shows that up to 50% of cancer cases and about 50% of cancer deaths are preventable.
Image source: eMedicineHealth
Early detection and prevention of cancer are more important and have proven effective to lower health care costs, especially in a population where a large number of people are exposed (consciously or unconsciously) to the risks of cancer.
Early signs and symptoms of cancer
The signs of cancer vary depending on the type of cancer. However, these signs and symptoms may be experienced.
✓ sore throat
Image source: BBC
✓ Changes in bowel or bladder habits
✓ Chronic indigestion or difficulty swallowing
✓ Nagging cough or hoarseness
✓ Lump in the breast or testicles or nipple discharge
✓ Skin changes
✓ Unexpected weight loss or loss of appetite
✓ Blood in urine
✓ Persistent fatigue, vomiting, or nausea
✓ Chronic bone pain
Image source: Healthline
✓ Continued itching in the genital area
Preventions of cancer
1. Protect your skin from the sun.
Although we cannot completely avoid the sun UV radiation, ensure to use adequate sun protection whenever you're outdoor.
2. Don't use tobacco.
Image source: Digestive Health Associate of Texas
3. Eat healthy foods.
Eat varieties of fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, legumes, fatty fish, and olive oil whilst reducing fast, fried, processed, and canned foods, red meats, and alcohol in your daily diets.
4. Be physically active and maintain a healthy weight.
Including exercise in your daily activities can boost your immune system, increase energy, reduce stress, control your weight, and significantly reduce your risk of cancer.
5. Go for regular medical checkups
This is the most important but neglected aspect of preventing any disease. Regular medical checkups allow doctors to pick up signs of cancer, diagnose potentially severe or life-threatening conditions and prevent any kind of risks before it becomes worse or too late.
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