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Spitting Blood: What It Means And Possible Solutions

The presence of blood in saliva or phlegm can happen due to infection or inflammation of the airways, which may be indicative of bronchitis or bronchiectasis, for example, and is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty breathing, chest pain and tiredness. In addition, spitting blood can also happen after a blow to the mouth or nose or be a consequence of gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums.

It is important to consult the general practitioner when spitting with blood is frequent, does not improve over time and is accompanied by other symptoms, as this way it is possible to investigate the cause and start the most appropriate treatment.

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is one of the most common causes that lead people to spit blood, especially when brushing their teeth, because the gums become more sensitive and fragile due to the excess of bacterial plaques between the teeth. In addition to bleeding, it is common for gingivitis to notice pain, bad breath, redness and swelling in the gums.

What to do: In this case, it is important to consult the dentist so that a deeper cleaning of the mouth is carried out, in which all existing bacterial plaques are removed and fluoride is applied. In addition, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene, brushing your teeth at least 3 times a day and using dental floss, so it is possible to prevent gingivitis.

2. Use of anticoagulants

Anticoagulant drugs, such as warfarin, rivaroxaban or heparin, for example, act by preventing the formation of blood clots, because they block the action of substances that coagulation. Thus, it is normal for people who take these drugs to bleed more easily or have more difficulty stopping these bleeds, and may spit blood.

What to do: It is important to inform the doctor about any side effects that may have arisen after starting to use the medicine, including spitting with blood. Thus, it is possible for the doctor to assess the suspension or exchange of the medication.

3. Nasal bleeding

In some cases, when bleeding occurs through the nose, blood can also come out of the mouth, especially if the person tilts his head back in an attempt to stop the bleeding. Some of the causes that cause nose bleeding can be nose injuries, high blood pressure, presence of a foreign body in the nose, low platelets, deviation of the nasal septum or sinusitis, for example.

What to do: To stop bleeding from the nose, it is recommended to hold the nose, however other measures may be recommended by the doctor if bleeding depends on the cause, such as using medication, nasal sprays or removing the foreign body, for example.

4. Bronchitis

Bronchitis is characterized by an inflammation of the bronchi that can have coughing, shortness of breath, phlegm as symptoms that may have blood, noises when breathing, purplish lips and fingertips or swelling of the legs. Due to the frequency of cough, the throat is likely to become more dry, which can cause spit with blood.

What to do: In this case, it is important to consult the general practitioner or pulmonologist so that the type of bronchitis is identified and, thus, the most appropriate treatment can be indicated, which may involve the use of analgesic drugs, expectorants, antibiotics, bronchodilators or corticosteroids.

5. Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is a lung disease that causes symptoms such as coughing with or without blood, shortness of breath, malaise, chest pain, bad breath and tiredness. This disease occurs due to the permanent dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles, which can be caused by recurrent bacterial infections or by obstruction of the bronchi by foreign bodies, for example, or genetic defects, such as cystic fibrosis or immobile eyelash syndrome.

What to do: Bronchiectasis has no cure and treatment consists of improving symptoms and preventing disease progression, and the doctor may indicate the use of antibiotics, mucolytics and expectorants to facilitate the release of mucus or bronchodilators to facilitate breathing.

6. Tuberculosis

cold sweat, low fever and coughing up blood, this being the main symptom indicative of tuberculosis, Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also known as Koch's bacillus, that reaches the lungs, where it multiplies and leads to the development of some symptoms, like pain and difficulty breathing.

What to do: In the presence of a cough with blood, it is important that the person is referred to the emergency room, as this way it is possible that tests are carried out to help complete the diagnosis and, thus, the most appropriate treatment is started.

Treatment for tuberculosis should be guided by the doctor and involves the use of antibiotics in order to eliminate the bacteria and which should be used as recommended by the doctor, even if there are no more apparent signs or symptoms of infection, because it is possible to increase the chances of cure.

7. COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disease in which there is inflammation and injury to the lungs, leading to the appearance of some symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing with or without blood and breathing difficulties.

What to do: COPD has no cure, but symptoms can be relieved by adopting a healthy lifestyle, using medications such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids or expectorants, for example and with specific physical therapy for this type of disease. 

8. Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism or thrombosis occurs due to the clogging of a blood vessel in the lung, which prevents the passage of blood, causing the progressive death of the affected part, leading to the occurrence of symptoms such as stinging chest pain when breathing, shortness of breath and coughing with blood.

What to do: The treatment of pulmonary embolism should be done urgently, in order to avoid sequelae, the use of anticoagulant drugs is usually indicated by the doctor, that dissolve the clot, painkillers to relieve chest pain and, if necessary, an oxygen mask to aid the breathing and oxygenation of the blood.

(Reference - https://www.healthgrades.com/right-care/symptoms-and-conditions/spitting-blood)

Content created and supplied by: Zeeboi598 (via Opera News )

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