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The Female Athlete Triad- What You Should Know

The female athlete triad is a combination of eating disorders, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. This condition is frequently undiagnosed and can be damaging to a woman's health. 

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The female athlete triad is made up of three factors and each ailment has signs and symptoms that alert you to the presence of a problem and they include;

1 Energy imbalance

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Eating disorders are characterized by a pathological fear of gaining weight, which leads to severe food restriction. As a result, you may lose a lot of weight or even go hungry. Most female athletes are self-conscious about their weight and may adhere to a stringent diet which leads to inadequate nutrients in the body.

2 Irregular menstrual cycle

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The risk of bone fractures is increased by amenorrhea and other menstrual abnormalities. Amenorrhea occurs when you consume fewer calories than you expend, resulting in inadequate nourishment for the amount of exercise you perform.

3 Osteoporosis

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 Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones, making them more fragile and prone to breaking. It takes years to develop and is frequently only discovered after a fall or a violent impact breaks a bone. Young female athletes who appear to be in peak physical form are at a higher risk of osteoporosis and fracture, especially if they suffer from disordered nutrition and menstrual irregularities.

How to treat the female athlete triad

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If you're a female athlete, you should try to reduce your risk as much as possible. Be aware of the impacts of training on the body and if you notice your menstrual cycles stop or your body fat levels drop drastically, you should take action. You are advised to eat enough calories to maintain your body fat or weight from decreasing too low and increase calcium in your diet.

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