According to Healthline, yhe vulva is the outermost part of the female genitalia and includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vaginal opening, and urethral opening. The labia majora and labia minora are the two sets of lips that surround the vaginal opening. In some cases, these lips may become swollen or enlarged, which can be a sign of various vaginal health issues.
In this article, we will explore what swollen vulva lips say about your vaginal health and discuss some of the possible causes of this condition.
Causes of Swollen Vulva Lips
One of the most common causes of swollen vulva lips is an infection. Various types of infections can occur in the vulva, including yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Yeast infections occur when there is an overgrowth of yeast in the vagina. Symptoms include itching, burning, and swelling of the vulva lips. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted. Symptoms include discharge, itching, and swelling of the vulva. STIs such as herpes, chlamydia, and gonorrhea can also cause vulva swelling.
2. Hormonal Changes
Changes in hormone levels can also cause swollen vulva lips. During puberty, for example, the labia may enlarge and become more prominent. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can cause increased blood flow and fluid retention, leading to vulva swelling. Menopause can also cause vulva changes, including thinning and shrinking of the labia.
2. Allergic Reactions
Allergic reactions to various substances can cause swelling of the vulva. This can include allergic reactions to soaps, perfumes, laundry detergents, or even condoms. It is important to identify the allergen and avoid it to prevent future allergic reactions.
Trauma to the vulva can also cause swelling of the lips. This can include sexual trauma, such as rough sex or sexual assault, or physical trauma, such as a bicycle accident. It is important to seek medical attention if there is any trauma to the vulva.
4. Cysts or Tumors
Cysts or tumors can also cause swelling of the vulva lips. Bartholin's cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the vulva. These cysts can cause pain and discomfort, and may require medical treatment. Cancerous tumors can also develop on the vulva, although this is rare.
5. Lichen Sclerosus
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic skin condition that can affect the vulva. This condition can cause the skin to become thin and itchy, and can lead to vulva swelling. It is more common in postmenopausal women and can be treated with topical corticosteroids.
Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition that affects the vulva. Symptoms can include burning, itching, and swelling of the vulva. The exact cause of vulvodynia is unknown, but it can be treated with medications and lifestyle changes.
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