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Sore Throat Cancer: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Sore throat cancer refers to any type of tumor that develops in the larynx, pharynx, tonsils or any other part of the throat. Although it is rare, this is a type of cancer that can develop at any age, especially in people over 50, men, people who smoke or who overuse alcoholic beverages.

There are two main types of throat cancer:

  • Laryngeal cancer: affects the larynx, which is where the vocal cords are located.
  • Cancer of the pharynx: appears in the pharynx, which is a tube through which air passes from the nose to the lungs.

Any type of throat cancer can develop very fast and, that is why, whenever you feel or observe any unusual changes, like sore throat that takes a long time to pass, sudden changes in the voice or frequent feeling of a ball in the throat, you should consult an otorhin, to identify the cause and start the most appropriate treatment.

Câncer de garganta: sintomas, causas e tratamento

Main symptoms

The most common symptoms that may indicate throat cancer include:

  • Sore throat or ear that does not go away;
  • Frequent cough, which can be accompanied by blood;
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing;
  • Voice changes, with no apparent cause;
  • Weight loss for no apparent reason;
  • Swelling or lumps on the neck;
  • Noises when breathing;
  • Snoring.

These symptoms vary according to the location affected by the tumor. Thus, if cancer is developing in the larynx, it is possible that changes in the voice may arise, if it is only a notable difficulty in breathing, it is more likely to be cancer in the pharynx.

However, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is to consult an otorhinolaryngologist to do diagnostic tests and start treatment.

Another type of cancer that can cause symptoms similar to throat cancer is thyroid cancer.

How to confirm the diagnosis

The diagnosis of throat cancer can be confirmed by an otorhinolaryngologist, who in addition to assessing the symptoms and clinical history of each person, can also undergo tests such as laryngoscopy, to see if there are changes in the organs of the throat.

If changes are identified, the doctor can also take a tissue sample and send it to the laboratory to confirm the presence of cancer cells. Other tests that can also be done are MRI, computed tomography or X-ray, for example.

Stages of throat cancer

After diagnosing throat cancer, the doctor can divide it into different stages, according to their degree of development, in the early stages (1 and 2) the tumor is small, reaches the most superficial cells and is limited to the throat, can be easily treated and removed by surgery, in addition to having a better prognosis.

In stages 3 and 4, the tumor is larger and is not limited to the throat, and metastasis points can be easily observed. Stage 4 is more severe, since several scattering foci are observed, which makes treatment more difficult and the prognosis is worse.

The more advanced the stage of cancer, the more difficult it will be to treat. In the earlier stages it may be necessary to have surgery to remove the tumor, while in the more advanced stages it may be necessary to combine other types of treatment such as chemo or radiation therapy.

Câncer de garganta: sintomas, causas e tratamento

How the treatment is done

Treatment for throat cancer varies according to the degree of development of the disease, however, it usually starts with surgery to remove as many cancer cells as possible. Thus, in the early stages of the disease it is possible that it is possible to completely treat cancer only with surgery, since the tumor is smaller in size.

Depending on the size of the tumor, the doctor may remove only a small part of the affected organ or need to remove it completely. Thus, people with cancer of the larynx, for example, may have sequelae after surgery, such as voice alteration, due to the loss of a large part of the organ where the vocal cords are found.

In more advanced cases, it is usually necessary to combine other forms of treatment after surgery, such as chemo or radiotherapy, to eliminate cells that are still in the body, especially in other tissues or in the lymph nodes, for example.

After surgery, it is necessary to have other types of treatment, such as speech therapy and physical therapy to help the person chew and swallow, for example.

Main causes of throat cancer

One of the main causes of developing throat cancer is HPV infection, which can be transmitted through unprotected oral sex. However, there are also lifestyle habits that can increase the risk of this type of cancer, such as:

  • Being a smoker;
  • Consume alcoholic beverages in excess;
  • Eat an unhealthy diet, with little amount of fruits and vegetables and a lot of processed foods;
  • HPV virus infection;
  • Be exposed to asbestos;
  • Have poor dental hygiene.

Thus, some ways to avoid developing this type of cancer include not smoking, avoiding the very frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages, eating healthy and avoiding unprotected oral sex.

(Reference - https://www.healthline.com/health/sore-throat#symptoms)

Content created and supplied by: Zeeboi598 (via Opera News )

Sore Throat

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