This disorder is frequent in children and can be caused by a variety of factors. However, there are a number of circumstances that can enhance the likelihood of a child getting this illness. This article examines the causes of cerebral palsy, as well as the factors that may raise the risk of the condition and how it is diagnosed.
Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal brain development or injury to the developing brain. The region of the brain that controls bodily movement, coordination, and posture is damaged.
Brain injury is most common before birth, although it can also occur during birth or the first few years of life. In the vast majority of cases, the actual cause of CP is unknown. Asphyxia neonatorum, or a shortage of oxygen to the brain during labor and delivery, and gene abnormalities that cause aberrant brain development are some of the possible causes. Other causes include; maternal infections, such as German measles and herpes simplex brain infections, such as encephalitis and meningitis intracranial hemorrhage, or bleeding into the brain head injuries as a result of a car accident, a fall, or child abuse intracranial hemorrhage, or bleeding into the brain.
What are the risk factors of cerebral palsy?
Certain factors put babies at a higher chance of developing cerebral palsy. These are some of them:
-A low Apgar score, which is used to measure the physical condition of newborns after delivery, is associated with early birth, low birth weight, and being a twin or triplet.
-When your baby's buttocks or feet come out first, it's called a breech birth.
-Rh incompatibility occurs when the Rh type of a mother's blood is incompatible with the Rh type of her child's blood.
-While pregnant, the mother is exposed to harmful chemicals such as methylmercury.
Diagnosis of cerebral palsy
A doctor will diagnose CP by collecting a thorough medical history, conducting a physical examination that includes a thorough neurological examination, and assessing the symptoms. Additional testing is also possible:
-The electrical activity in the brain is measured using an electroencephalogram (EEG). When someone shows indicators of epilepsy, which produces seizures, it may be ordered.
-An MRI scan creates comprehensive images of the brain using powerful magnets and radio waves. It is capable of detecting any brain abnormalities or damage.
-A CT scan of the brain produces crisp cross-sectional images. It can also reveal any damage to the brain.
-A cranial ultrasound is a reasonably simple and affordable approach of obtaining basic pictures of the brain in early infants by using high-frequency sound waves.
-To rule out other probable illnesses, such as bleeding disorders, a sample of blood may be obtained and examined.
If your doctor verifies that you have cerebral palsy, he or she may refer you to a specialist who can examine you for neurological issues that are frequently connected with the condition. These tests could reveal:
-Blurred vision in one or both eyes is an example of vision loss and impairment.
-Disturbances in movement
Content created and supplied by: NurseKike (via Opera News )
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