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Important Things To Know About Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and How To Prevent It.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a long-term condition in which acid from the stomach comes up into the esophagus. 

The American College of Gastroenterology says that 1 in 5 people experiences heartburn every day. According to the National Institutes of Health, GERD has an estimated prevalence of 18.1 to 27.8 percent in the U.S., but its prevalence may be higher.

In a post written by Markus MacGill and medically reviewed by Saurabh Sethi in MedicalNewsToday, GERD is a chronic disease that requires long-term management. Doctors often treat GERD with medications and by suggesting lifestyle changes. 

Image: istock

However, If symptoms do not improve, doctors may suggest surgery. So what are some of the changes that should be done?

Lifestyle modifications are the cornerstone of GERD treatment because they can help improve symptoms. Some of these modifications may include;

1. Sleeping in an inclined position, modifying diet, and avoiding food triggers.

2. Losing weight for people who are overweight.

3. Avoid eating meals at least 3 hours before going to bed.

GERD occurs in people of all ages and sometimes for unknown reasons. It happens when the valve that prevents stomach contents from going back up to the esophagus becomes weak or opens when it should not.

GERD is also common in people with obesity or people who are overweight because of increased pressure on the abdomen. Pregnant women are about 40 to 85 percent. 

Image: istock

Those who are taking certain medications that including some asthma medications, calcium channel blockers, antihistamines, sedatives, and antidepressants may also experience GERD.

Finally, it occurs to some who smoke and are exposed to secondhand smoke. It can worsen and result in other conditions if left untreated. 

However, aside from the lifestyle changes mentioned above, adopting the following changes may help prevent the onset of GERD. They include;

Image: freepik.com

1. Eat small meals frequently,

2. Stay upright after eating.

3. Finish eating 2 to 3 hours before going to bed.

4. Avoid eating very large meals.

5. Avoid strenuous activities after eating.

6. Quit or avoid smoking.

7. Lose weight if overweight.

8. Minimize wearing tight clothing around the abdomen.

9. It is important to sleep at a slight angle with the head slightly elevated.

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Content created and supplied by: Judeteefitness (via Opera News )

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