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Disease prevention and treatment

Things you need to stop if you want to live long

According to the WHO, the average life span of the world population is 71.4 years. This varies from nation to nation, country to country and differs between man and woman.

Their are thing you should stop doing to live long

-Unhealthy diets

nutrition choices can contribute to stress, tiredness and a general sense of ill-health. A diet full of junk food is full of saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, added sugars, preservatives and other processed ingredients.

Unhealthy diets can increase the risk of health problems like cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and obesity. Junk food tends to be full of trans fats, which can raise levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol and increase the risk of heart problems.

An unhealthy diet fails to provide your body with the correct amounts and types of nutrients for maximum health. The average American diet contains too many calories and not enough fruits and vegetables.

In addition, certain types of foods are more likely to cause medical problems than others. Know what makes up an unhealthy diet and avoid those nutrition pitfalls.


-Sleeplessness

Proper sleep is important for many reasons. Not only does it support your physical, mental and emotional health, it also improves your ability to function from day to day and enables you to have a fuller life.

While you sleep, your body works to repair and rejuvenate all bodily systems so you can wake up feeling refreshed and ready to face the day.

There some causes that can affect sleeplessness which are;

Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition where there’s a blockage in the upper airways. This results in pauses in breathing throughout the night that may cause you to abruptly wake up, often with a choking sound. Snoring commonly occurs in this disorder.

Restless legs syndrome may also trigger sleeping difficulty. This condition causes uncomfortable sensations in your legs, such as tingling or aching.

These sensations give you the urge to make your legs move frequently, including while resting, which can interrupt your sleep.

Delayed sleep phase disorder is another condition that can affect sleep. This condition causes a delay in the 24-hour cycle of sleep and wakefulness.

You may not feel sleepy or fall asleep until the middle of the night. This sleep cycle makes it harder for you to wake up in the early morning and leads to daytime fatigue.


-Smoking

Smoking can lead to a variety of ongoing complications in the body, as well as long-term effects on your body systems. While smoking can increase your risk of a variety of problems over several years, some of the bodily effects are immediate.

No matter how you smoke it, tobacco is dangerous to your health. There are no safe substances in any tobacco products, from acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide. The substances you inhale don’t just affect your lungs. They can affect your entire body.

Tobacco smoke is incredibly harmful to your health. There’s no safe way to smoke. Replacing your cigarette with a cigar, pipe, or hookah won’t help you avoid the health risks

Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients, many of which can also be found in cigars and hookahs.

When these ingredients burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, according to the American Lung Association. Many of those chemicals are poisonous and at least 69 of them are linked to cancer.

In the United States, the mortality rate for smokers is three times that of people who never smoked.

In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that smoking is the most common "preventable cause of death" in the United States.

While the effects of smoking may not be immediate, the complications and damage can last for years. The good news is that quitting smoking can reverse many effects.

Smoking can cause many health issues and problems. It can increase your risk of macular degeneration, type 2 diabetes, erectile dysfunction, ectopic pregnancies, rheumatoid arthritis, fertility issues and gum diseases, among more.

Smoking can increase the risk of cancer and is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. It causes roughly 90% of all lung cancer deaths and can damage every part of the body.


-Drinking Excessively Or Using Hard drugs

Excessive drinking has many short and long-term health risks. Immediate risks, like car crashes, violent behavior, and alcohol poisoning, can be attributed to the impaired behavior that occurs when we drink.

Long-term risks include heart disease, liver disease, cancer, memory problems, mental health problems, and alcoholism. When we drink alcohol, it’s absorbed into the bloodstream and affects every area of the body.

It interferes with the communication pathway of the brain, which causes poor judgment, mood changes, and abnormal behavior.

It puts a lot of pressure on the heart, which can cause issues like irregular heartbeat and stroke, and puts intense stress on the liver, which can result in cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, and much more.

Hard drugs, like heroin, meth, cocaine, and ecstasy, have similar potentially deadly effects. Drug abuse is a serious problem that arises from addiction, a chronic disease defined by drug seeking and compulsive use that is hard to control despite the negative effects.

Drug abuse affects almost every organ in the body. Repeated drug use can cause irreversible changes in the brain, and those who are dependent on drugs have a much higher risk of bad life outcomes like unintentional injuries, illnesses, disabilities, accidents, medical problems, and eventual death.

There is no safe way to take drugs. medical problems, and eventual death. There is no safe way to take drugs.

If you are struggling with drug and/or alcohol abuse, there are many ways to get help. Rehabilitation centers exist to safely detox your body from substance abuse, and various forms of counseling and therapy are available to help you find the strength within yourself to relearn how to live life without drugs and alcohol.

There is no easy way to do it, and every option requires hard work, dedication, and commitment to sobriety, but you can be successful.


-Bad oral hygiene

Dental and oral health is an essential part of your overall health and well-being. Poor oral hygiene can lead to dental cavities and gum disease, and has also been linked to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Maintaining healthy teeth and gums is a lifelong commitment.

Not only do pearly whites help you feel great about yourself, good oral health can prevent bad breath, tooth decay, and gum disease.

Your mouth can be a reliable indicator of your overall health, and healthy teeth and gums can help protect you from serious problems like heart attack, stroke, diabetes and preterm labor. Early symptoms of chronic diseases like HIV/AIDS and diabetes can appear first in the mouth, so paying close attention to dental health can help you detect any potential problems.

Even if you’ve been taking good care of your teeth, you’ll still need to have a professional cleaning twice a year during a routine visit with your dentist. Your dentist will recommend other treatments if you show signs of gum disease, infections, or other problems.


-Not going for Regular Medical Check-Ups

During a check-up, you should have a complete physical examination. This will cover the basic systems of the body, like the heart, lungs, gut and nerve systems.

Your heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and body temperature will be taken and noted down in your medical file, and any potential issues found by the doctor will be discussed and a plan of treatment will be prescribed.

As we get older, it becomes even more important to get screened for various forms of cancer and other issues alongside your regular check-ups.

Cancer screening can include mammograms for breast cancer, skin checks for melanoma and other skin cancers, colonoscopies for colorectal cancer and pap tests for cervical cancer.

Good health should not be taken for granted. By cultivating healthy habits and staying on top of your wellbeing, you have a much better chance of not only extending your life but ensuring it’s of the best quality possible.


-Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when more water and fluids leave the body than enter it. Even low levels of dehydration can cause headaches, lethargy, and constipation. The human body is roughly 75 percent water. Without this water, it cannot survive.

You can also become dehydrated as a result of an illness, such as persistent vomiting and diarrhoea, or sweating from a fever.

Anyone can become dehydrated, but certain groups are particularly at risk. These include:

babies and infants – they have a low body weight and are sensitive to even small amounts of fluid loss

older people – they may be less aware that they are becoming dehydrated and need to keep drinking fluids

people with a long-term health condition – such as diabetes or alcoholism

athletes – they can lose a large amount of body fluid through sweat when exercising for long periods

If you're dehydrated, drink plenty of fluids such as water, diluted squash or fruit juice. These are much more effective than large amounts of tea or coffee. Fizzy drinks may contain more sugar than you need and may be harder to take in large amounts.

If you're finding it difficult to keep water down because you're vomiting, try drinking small amounts more frequently.


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