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Can Robots Perform Surgery On Humans?

Robots are practically replacing humans in most jobs these days. We have seen or probably heard of robots working as domestic staffs, as personal assistant and even customer service. 

But how would you feel about a robotic surgery process? Or a robot surgeon? Scary right? The whole surgical process is a risky and tasking one as it involves making precise decision and procedures. Robotic surgery is currently being carried out in the United States and in most European Countries. The process involves the use of a unique set of technologies that include mechanized “arms” for holding instruments and a 3D camera, as well as a magnified screen and a console.

There are many questions that comes to mind when we hear of Robotic Surgical process. Questions like how it works, why robots are used in the process, what kind of surgery can Robots assist in, and if the whole process is safe. 

How Does the Robotic Surgical System Work?

To operate using the Robotic system, the surgeon makes tiny cuts in the body and inserts miniaturized instruments and a high-definition three-dimensional camera, and sometimes skin incisions are not required at all. Then, from a nearby large computer system, the surgeon manipulates those instruments to perform the operation.

Think of the Robotic system like a video game. When you play a video game, you move a control button, and the machine translates your movements into real-time, interpreting your moves precisely on the screen. During a Robotic-assisted procedure, the surgeon uses master controls to manipulate the instruments, and the instruments translate the surgeon’s movements into precise movements inside the body. The surgeon is in control the whole time; the surgical system only responds to the direction he provides.

So the truth is that a robot isn't the one operating on the patient but rather, it is being manipulated to operate on the patient. The Robotic Surgical System is a system that allows a surgeon to make precise, delicate motions while controlling the machine. The robot is never, ever making decisions or performing incisions but it allows for greater precision than the human hand on its own.

The Robotic system cannot “think” on its own. It only responds to the surgeon’s precise hand and finger movements. 

The surgeon first makes tiny (one to two centimeter-long) cuts in your body and then inserts miniature robotic instruments and a powerful camera into the body. He then sits at a nearby large computer to direct the procedure. At the large computer, the area of operation can be seen highly magnified, with excellent resolution. He then manipulates the controls. The instruments respond to these movements, and translate them into precise, real-time movements inside the body.

What are the Benefits of Robotic-assisted Surgery?

  1. The surgeon sees a highly-magnified, high-resolution image of the operating field
  2. The surgeon has better access to the area being operated on
  3. Shorter hospital stay
  4. Less risk of infection
  5. Less blood loss and 
  6. Less pain
  7. Faster recovery

Conditions that can be Treated with Robotic Surgery include heart surgery and general Surgeries.

How Does the Robotic Surgeon know What He or She is doing 

A camera is inserted inside the body, which sends real-time images to the surgeon, seated at the large screen. In fact, the images a surgeon sees using the Robotic System are more highly magnified, with a sharper resolution, then what he or she would see standing over the patient. 

Content created and supplied by: Laluna (via Opera News )

United States

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