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Cancer: Melanoma and how can you prevent the disease

Melanoma is the most severe type of skin cancer, that develops in the cells (melanocytes) responsible for producing melanin (the pigment that gives your skin it's color).

Melanoma occurs when there is a malfunction in the melanin-producing cells (melanocytes) that give color to your skin.

It develops in areas of the body that receive much exposure to sunlight like the face, arms, legs, or back. Sometimes, It can also appear on the soles of your feet, palms of your hands, and fingernail beds.

 Melanoma is as dangerous as it is because it can spread to other parts of the body if not caught and treated early. 

Though the actual cause of all melanomas isn't clear, doctors believe that environmental factors and genetic factors play a part in a person's development of the disease. Also, exposure to tanning lamps and sunlight increases your risk of having melanoma. 

The first symptoms of the disease might include a change in an existing mole on various parts of the body or the development of unusual-looking growth on your skin. Melanoma does not often begin as a mole. It can also occur on normal-looking skin.

Moles on Scalp? Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment for Skin Cancer on the  Scalp | Tiege Hanley

Photo Credit: Tiege

You can reduce your risk of melanoma by avoiding the sun during the middle of the day because that is when the sun's rays are strongest. Sun exposure accumulated over time can cause skin cancer.

If you must go out during the day, Schedule outdoor activities for when the sun's ray is not very harsh or when the sky is cloudy.

Another way of preventing melanoma is by wearing sunscreen regularly. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, even on cloudy days, reduces your chance of developing the disease. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours.

You should also examine your skin as often as you can for new skin growths or changes in existing moles, birthmarks, and bumps. If you notice unusual growths on your face, neck, ears, or scalp, please visit your doctor.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

Melanoma

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