Diabetes is the last thing want to have when you're a person who thrives on sugar and pastries. This disease affects your body's natural ability to produce insulin (a hormone that gives your cells the energy to function). Initial symptoms of diabetes can be hard to pin down, but when you do, make sure you get it tested as soon as possible so that it doesn't escalate and decrease the quality of life. According to Brightside, it's important to pin done these common symptoms before it becomes serious.
According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report in 2017, more than a 100million Americans have diabetes or living with pre-diabetes. As of 2015, 30.3 million Americans out of which 9.4 percent of the population has diabetes while 84.1 million have pre-diabetes. It escalates into type 2 diabetes if it's not treated earlier on. Here are a few common symptoms that can be identified earlier on so that you can get a timely diagnosis done.
1. Dark patches on the skin
Acanthosis nigricans is the pigmentation of the skin where you find dark black and velvety patches on places like the navel, groin, neck, and forehead. The patches are found in the creases or folds of the skin such as the armpits, on your knees, and knuckles of the fingers. It's a common symptom that identifies type two diabetes. Blood tests, an endoscopy, or x-ray scans be done to explore the cause of the symptom as these patches are also observed when you shave your underarms.
2. Itchy skin
Itchy skin can be a symptom of several medical conditions, but it's one of the identified symptoms that cause diabetes. When excess sugar gets collected in your urine it takes along fluids from the tissues which include your skin. This can lead to severely dry skin making you excessively scratch your skin causing broken or infected skin. Yeast infections are another reason which is common among people who have diabetes. It's important to get it diagnosed earlier and treat your skin with homemade remedies or prescribed medicines.
3. Blurred vision
You need to be sure whether the blurred vision is a sign of poor eyesight or diabetes. When you get it diagnosed earlier on you'll be able to pin down the cause. Blurred vision is a common symptom as it's caused due to a shift of fluids, which makes your eyes swell and change shape. You won't be able to focus and things start to look fuzzy. This isn't constant as your eyes sight will return back to normal when your blood sugar stabilizes with treatment. It's important to treat it earlier on before it escalates into a serious eye condition.
4. Increased hunger
Eating when you're bored or eating when you're hungry is different from feeling hungry all the time (Polyphagia). So, what's considered normal? Your insulin is responsible for giving you the energy you need to function for the rest of the day. If your body doesn't produce a significant amount of insulin, it can't convert the food into glucose that your body needs. You tend to feel hungry even after you've eaten which can spike up your blood sugar levels. Consult a physician if you keep eating and the hunger doesn't seem to go away.
5. Unexplainable weight loss
Losing weight is normal when you're dieting or exercising, but shedding weight with no explainable cause is something that needs to be checked. Your body uses glucose as a source of energy, but what if they can't find that? They use the next best thing– it starts burning muscle and fat for energy, causing weight loss. Dehydration also speeds up weight loss since your body is depending on all the available fluids they can use for energy. Unexpected weight loss is a sign of Type one diabetes but affects people who suffer from Type two diabetes as well.
6. Constantly tired
Your body is in a constant state of tiredness which doesn't go away by eating or sleeping. Your body isn't pumping a good amount of glucose which it requires to keep your body functioning. Even the dehydration that you feel is due to constant urination which leads to feeling tired. It's easy to mistake the feeling of tiredness with other medical conditions, but it's essential to get it checked if you think that it's getting in the way of normal everyday functioning. When combined with other symptoms it can be a sign of diabetes.
7. The healing process for wounds is slow
High blood sugar increases inflammation in sores and cuts and also leads to poor blood circulation. In order for your wounds to heal, the blood needs to reach the affected area to repair the cells. This is mostly found in your feet where it's common for patients with diabetes. If you notice your foot sores take a long time to heal, make sure you approach your physician immediately.
8. Numbness or tingling of feet and hands
The tingling that you feel in your legs or arms is due to poor circulation of blood in your body also called diabetic neuropathy. High blood sugar levels can lead to poor circulation of blood in the body and also cause nerve damage. It's important to keep your blood sugar test in check to maintain sugar levels in the body. The pain you feel is mild at first but increases over time if left untreated.
9. Increased urination and unbearable thirst
Increased thirst and urination are the most common symptoms that go hand in hand. All that excess sugar you eat through different kinds of food doesn't get absorbed by the kidneys. It gets collected along with the liquids from your tissues and ends up in the urine. This makes you visit the restroom more than you'd like because you end up drinking water to quench the thirst that was followed by dehydration. Urinating six to seven times or four to ten times a day is normal considering your healthy habit of drinking water.
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