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Syphilis: Causes, types, symptoms, and treatment

Syphilis is an infection that is passed on from an infected person to an uninfected person through intercourse without protection.

The infection can also be transmitted by sharing needles with an infected person and from mother to child during pregnancy. This infection is caused by a bacteria known as Treponema Palladium.

The early sign of syphilis is little painless sores that may appear on the private organ, the rectum, or inside the mouth. These sores which are called chancers are not usually noticed right away.

The diagnosis of syphilis can be very challenging because its symptoms sometimes take yes to show. Syphilis that remain untreated for a long period can cause serious damage to important organs of the body like the brain and the heart. It is also important to note that this infection cannot be transmitted by sharing clothes, food, or a toilet with an infected person.

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Photo Credit: Crello

There are four stages of syphilis. They are primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary.

Primary syphilis:

This is when the infection is about 3-4 weeks old. At this stage, chances (small, round, painless but highly contagious sores) begin to appear from whatever point the bacteria enter the body may be through the mouth, the genital, or the rectum. Discuss typically appear between 10 to 20 days after contracting the infection.

Secondary syphilis:

At this stage, sores and rashes may develop on the palms and soles of the feet but can also occur anywhere on the body. Some other symptoms of this stage of the infection include; fatigue, hair loss, fever, aching joints, and swollen lymph nodes. These symptoms will disappear with or without treatment. This is at this stage that the infection is most contagious.

Latent syphilis:

This stage is known as the hidden stage or the third stage of the disease. At this stage, the primary and secondary stage symptoms disappear but the bacteria usually remain in the body. This stage lasts several years before progressing to the final stage.

Tertiary syphilis:

This is the last stage of the infection. A person reaches this stage several years or even a decade after the initial infection. This stage of the infection can be life-threatening and can cause deafness, blindness, memory loss, stroke or meningitis, heart disease, and mental illness.

Syphilis is very curable especially when caught at the primary or secondary stage. One of the most popular antibiotics is penicillin. Other antibiotics include; doxycycline and azithromycin. Also while receiving treatment for the infection it is crucial that you avoid intercourse until your sores heal or when your doctor permits you.

The most effective way of preventing syphilis is by using protection also dental dams go a long way in protecting you against the infection.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

Syphilis Treponema

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