Eyes require additional care and treatment since they are one of the most vital body organs. A child's vision is immature and it is vulnerable to diseases. If a child has an eye medical issue in childhood, treating it in adults may not be possible. As you examine your children's eyes regularly, you also need to be telling them not to tamper with them.
I've compiled a list of seven childhood eye diseases or problems and their solutions. Simply go through them below.
1. Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
A child can only suffer from lazy eyes if he or she does not get treated for problems like strabismus (misaligned eyes), refractive errors, and cataracts, or droopy eyelids.
2. Strabismus (Crossed Eyes)
This type of eye issue is not common. According to researches, it occurs in 4 percent out of 100 children. You can know a child that is suffering from strabismus by looking at his or her eyes. If one of the child's eyes looks straight and the other turns out, in, down, or up, then the child has strabismus. This type of problem is very dangerous and it needs to be treated as soon as possible.
3. Ptosis (Droopy Eyelid)
Droopy eyelid or ptosis can block a baby's vision. The kid's eyelid suppose to be in the center. If your baby's eyelid droops too low or too high, you may not have any other options than to use surgery to put it in a good position.
4. "Cloudy" Eyes
This can also refer to as cataracts. That is, if a child has a cataract, he or she can also have cloudy eyes. This is when the lens inside the eyes gets cloudy. This type of problem is usually common among older people but some children can have them naturally or from an injury. The treatment for this may also be in form of surgery.
5. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
This is also known as "Apollo" in some parts of Nigeria. The symptoms of this are red or pink eyes, itchy eyes, and sticky discharge from the eyes. You can take your children from school if they have conjunctivitis. This disease usually goes away within a week. You can treat it at home, but going to the hospital is much better.
6. Stye and Chalazion
A stye is a red, painful lump that usually occurs at the edge of the eyelid. In rare circumstances, warm compresses with antibiotics are used to treat styes. This is because it is caused by bacteria.
A chalazion is a swelling lump on the eyelid that results from a blocked oil gland. Warm compresses can frequently be used at home to treat a chalazion. And remember that chalazion is not caused by infection.
7. Blocked Tear Duct
In normal circumstances, tears suppose to drain automatically but when the tears fail to drain properly, there will be a wet, irritated, or infected eye which is called a "Blocked tear duct".
To help open the tear duct, your doctor may prescribe a particular massaging method for you. And if the message doesn't work after a few months, visit an ophthalmologist for treatment.
Source: www.aao.org (American Academy Of Ophthalmology)
Taking your child to the hospital regularly is important because your child may not tell you that he or she have eyes problems.
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