Malaria is a disease that can cause a threat to life. It is usually transmitted via the bite of an infected Anopheles (female) mosquito. Mosquitoes that are already infected carry the parasite known as Plasmodium. This parasite is released into the bloodstream when the Anopheles mosquito bites an individual.
The parasites travel to the liver and mature once they get inside the body. After many days in the body, the now matured parasites go into the bloodstream and then begin to infect red blood cells.
The parasites inside the red blood cells multiply within forty-eight to seventy-two hours, which results to the infected cells bursting open.
These parasites continue to infect the red blood cells, leading to symptoms that happen in cycles that could last two to three days.
Malaria is commonly known to be found in tropical and subtropical climatic regions where the parasites can live. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016, there were about two hundred and sixteen million cases of malaria in ninety one countries.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported about one thousand and seven hundred cases of malaria annually in the United States of America. Most of the cases of malaria develop in individuals who travel to nations where malaria is more common.
Causes of malaria
Malaria can be gotten by an individual if an Anopheles mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites them. There are four types of malaria parasites that can infect humans and they include; Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum.
P. falciparum can cause a more serious form of the disease and individuals who have this form of malaria have an increased risk of dying. A mother that has been infected can also pass the disease to her baby during childbirth. This can be known as congenital malaria.
Malaria is usually transmitted by blood, and it can also be transmitted through the following:
-An organ transplant
-Usage of shared needles or syringes
Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )
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