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What is Ringworm and What are the Symptoms?

Ringworm is a disease caused by fungi that can affect the skin, nails, scalp, groin and genital region, leading to the appearance of different symptoms depending on the site of infection.

Fungi growth occurs mainly in humid environments, therefore, one of the main forms of fungus transmission is through the sharing of objects, especially towels, and lack of proper hygiene. 

Treatment for ringworm should be done in accordance with the dermatologist's guidance and the use of oral or topical medications, such as creams and ointments, is usually indicated.

Main symptoms

The symptoms of ringworm can appear in different parts of the body, affecting the skin, fingers, scalp, genital region and nails, for example. Thus, symptoms vary by location. 

  • Itch;
  • Appearance of red and scaly lesions;
  • Darkening or lightening of skin regions;
  • Discharge and genital itching;
  • Changing the color and shape of the nail.

Symptoms are progressive and are more common in summer, as heat is one of the factors that favors fungal proliferation.

Fungi need an environment that provides the ideal conditions for their growth, such as heat and humidity. Thus, sharing wet bath towels and face towels can be considered a way of transmitting ringworm. 

Furthermore, diseases such as diabetes, prolonged use of antibiotics and stress can favor the proliferation of fungi, as there is a reduction in the immune system and the amount of good bacteria in the body, resulting in ringworm.

Other factors that favor the occurrence of ringworm are unprotected sex, sweating a lot, wearing very tight clothes and frequenting environments that are very humid or that do not have adequate sanitation, such as changing rooms and bathroom stalls, for example.

-How to prevent

The prevention of ringworm happens through simple measures that prevent fungal proliferation. Thus, it is important to have good hygiene care, including intimate hygiene, keeping the body clean and dry, cleaning especially the areas of folds, and avoiding walking barefoot on damp or public floors.

In addition, it is recommended to wear cotton clothes that allow the skin to breathe and avoid sharing personal use materials, such as towels, makeup, hairbrushes and nail pliers, for example.

-How is the treatment done?

Treatment for ringworm should be indicated by the dermatologist and is carried out with the aim of eliminating the fungus causing the infection and, thus, alleviating the symptoms. 

Usually the treatment is done with the use of creams, ointments, lotions for topical use or oral medications, which are recommended according to the place where the lesions appear and the severity of the symptoms.

The most commonly used remedies in the treatment of mycoses are Fluconazole, Clotrimazole, Miconazole or Itraconazole and the treatment time varies according to the site of the mycosis, and may last from 30 to 60 days in the case of ringworm in the hands, 1 year in the case of ringworm of feet and months when fungi affect the scalp or nails, for example. 

It is important that the treatment is carried out even if the symptoms disappear, as all the fungi may not have been eliminated yet, and the symptoms may reappear or even worsen the disease.

(Reference - https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ringworm-body/symptoms-causes/syc-20353780#:~:text=Ringworm might appear as roundish,name because of its appearance)

Content created and supplied by: Zeeboi598 (via Opera News )

Ringworm

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