A non-contagious common skin condition which entails your skin is dry, itchy, red, and bumpy is known as eczema (atopic dermatitis). Statistics show that as many as 15% to 20% of people experience eczema at some point in their life.
There are treatment options to manage the symptoms but there is no cure as it damages your skin barrier function, i.e. the glue of your skin making it more sensitive and prone to infection and dryness.
Eczema can affect babies, young children, teens, and adults but is more common in children and may be accompanied by hay fever; it can show up on any area of your skin such as your hands, ankles, feet, head, inner elbows, and on your face.
CAUSES OF ECZEMA
Eczema could be caused by a combination of many things and could be either of them individually, such as immune system reaction to small irritants or allergens, genetics (family history of dermatitis), stress (mental and emotional or physical stress), and environmental triggers (air pollutants, low humidity, heat, and high humidity, etc). When this overreaction happens, your skin gets inflamed, and will not be completely healthy.
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SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ECZEMA
Dry and itchy skin
Red rashes and some bumps on the skin
Scaly patches on the skin
Swelling of some areas of the skin
Eczema can last for a very long time but the symptoms it manifests can be managed with home remedies (self-care procedures), over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, and prescribed medications to prevent new outbreaks.
HOW TO TREAT ECZEMA
To begin, you will need to figure out what triggers or worsens your eczema and avoid it because the cause could be something you can’t control such as genetics. Consider these treatment tips to reduce itching, discomfort, prevent infection and additional flare-ups:
If dry air makes your skin dry, you can try using a humidifier
Moisturize your skin using a cream or ointment several times a day
Use lukewarm water to bathe instead of hot
Use mild soaps and other products that are perfume-free, dye-free, and non-alcohol-based.
Applying cortisone creams and ointments to help control the itching and redness
Take antihistamines (OTC drugs) for severe itching.
Your doctor may prescribe steroid creams, pills, or shots.
You could use ultraviolet light (phototherapy) from special lamps on your skin
WAYS TO REDUCE YOUR RISK OF ECZEMA
You can establish a skincare routine and if you have had any skin problems, you should follow your doctor’s recommendations for keeping your skin healthily
Take baths with lukewarm water rather than hot
Drink at least 8 glasses of water each day as it helps keep your skin moist
Avoid scratching itchy areas of your skin
Reduce your exposure to irritants and allergens
Learn to manage stress coupled with regular aerobic exercise, hobbies.
Wear loose clothes not made of wool but cotton and other natural materials
Wash clothing thoroughly and rinse properly before use
Apply cream intermittently especially if you have dry skin to help seal in the moisture
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