Sign in
Download Opera News App



Health Living


Disease prevention and treatment

Causes and symptoms of acute kidney failure you should watched out for

According to webmd, Acute kidney failure, also known as acute renal failure or acute kidney injury, is one of the most life-threatening kidney disorders. It occurs when the kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from the blood, resulting to a deadly buildup of waste and chemical imbalance in the blood.

It usually comes on extremely suddenly in the majority of people, with the onset of symptoms typically occurring within a handful of days at most. In addition to this, it is important to note that although the condition occurs most frequently in people who are in critical condition, it is not unheard of for it to manifest in people who are otherwise healthy. This is significant because the condition has the potential to be fatal and calls for intensive medical care.

People who are otherwise healthy have a better chance of recovering from the illness, and they may regain all of their kidney functions or almost all of them. Because of the many different issues that might arise as a direct result of this disorder, medical professionals consider it to be a potentially fatal illness. Acute renal failure can lead to a number of potential consequences, one of which is the accumulation of fluid in the lungs, which can cause shortness of breath.

Other symptoms include chest pain from inflammation of the pericardium, the lining that surrounds the heart; muscle weakness from an imbalance in the body's fluid and electrolytes; permanent kidney damage from the inability to adequately eliminate toxins and wastes from the body; and loss of renal function, which may ultimately lead to death.


There are often three main contributors to acute renal failure, and each of these will be briefly covered in the following paragraphs:

1. Reduced amount of blood reaching the kidneys

Acute renal failure can be brought on by having any disease or condition that reduces the amount of blood that is able to circulate to the kidneys. Many different medical disorders, including but not limited to blood or fluid loss, heart disease, heart attack, liver failure, extreme dehydration, infection, and others, can reduce the amount of blood that is able to circulate to the heart.

2. Deterioration of the kidneys

Direct injury to the kidneys is another factor that might contribute to the development of acute renal failure. Some of the disorders that can lead to direct damage to the kidneys include blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys, cholesterol deposits surrounding the kidneys, inflammation of the glomeruli, and poisons such as alcohol, heavy metals, and cocaine, amongst other things.

3. An obstruction of urine production in the kidneys

Acute kidney damage can occur if the ureters get obstructed and waste products are unable to exit the body via urine because of this blockage. Conditions such as nerve damage in the bladder, bladder cancer, kidney stones, prostate cancer, an enlarged prostate, blood clots in the urinary tract, and cervical cancer are all potential causes of a urinary tract obstruction.

Symptoms Acute kidney injury or failure may not present any symptoms in some cases, but when it does, the symptoms may include shortness of breath, decreased urine output, fluid retention that causes swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet, fatigue and weakness, irregular heartbeat, nausea, and chest pain or pressure. When acute kidney injury or failure does present symptoms, the symptoms may include shortness of breath, decreased urine output, fluid retention that causes swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet, and swelling in the legs, ankles


Acute kidney injury can be difficult to prevent, but you can minimize your risk by paying attention to the drugs you use, especially pain medications, consulting with your doctor about chronic health conditions such chronic renal disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes, and making lifestyle changes.

Consuming particular meals and exercising moderation in your consumption of others are both essential components of a lifestyle that is conducive to good health. The following is an examination of a few of the foods that you should steer clear of if you have symptoms that are comparable to those of acute renal failure or any other kidney issue:

1. Avocados

Avocados have a high potassium level, which can make kidney problems worse, so people who already have kidney problems shouldn't eat them. This is because potassium can cause kidney function to deteriorate.

2. Whole wheat bread

Whole wheat bread is typically recommended over white bread, but this is not the case for people who have kidney problems. Whole wheat bread contains high levels of potassium and phosphorus, which can be detrimental to the health of kidney patients. White bread contains lower levels of these two nutrients.

3. Processed meats

People who have acute renal damage or other kidney disorders should also steer clear of processed meats like sausages and hot dogs because of the high levels of sodium and protein that these foods contain. For people who have such issues, sodium and protein levels do not need to be very high.

4. Processed foods

Because of the extremely high levels of salt that are found in processed foods and other foods like packaged, quick, and prefabricated meals, these types of foods should also be avoided. Foods such as frozen pizza, meals prepared in the microwave, and instant noodles are examples of such foods.

Content created and supplied by: Ballandama (via Opera News )


Load app to read more comments