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Disease prevention and treatment

Cardiac Arrest In Sickle Cell

Sickle cell disease patients are known to experience this state as the severity of the condition worsens, it is described as the sudden, and also unexpected loss of the heart’s function, with no breathing state, and consciousness. It is usually a result of an electrical disturbance in the heart. It is not the same as a heart attack.

Sudden cardiac arrest is a serious heart condition, the word arrest is used to stop, or to bring to a halt, in this condition then, the heart ceases to beat. Sudden cardiac arrest is also used to describe the term sudden cardiac death. The heartbeat is controlled by electrical impulses, and when these impulses eventually change the pattern, the heartbeat becomes irregular. This is then called arrhythmia. 

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Photo Credits: The Journal of Pain

Cases of arrhythmia in sickle cell disease patients could be slow, and in others rapid. Sudden cardiac arrest thus occurs when the rhythm of the heartbeat stops. It is caused by two major factors namely; ventricular fibrillation, and atrial fibrillation. When sickle cell disease patients have the following underlying heart-related diseases they are at risk of sudden cardiac arrest. 

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Photo Credits: Froedtert

The diseases which are underlying include; coronary heart disease, large heart, irregular heart valves, congenital heart disease, and electrical impulse problems. Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disease that occurs in the coronary arteries, these coronary arteries supply blood directly to the heart muscle, when blocked the heart does not receive blood sufficiently and stops functioning normally. 

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Photo Credits: Pediatric Clinics of North America

The large heart is a condition of the heart larger than its actual size and causes incorrect heart beat frequency. Irregular heart valves are a condition that makes the heart valve leaky or narrowed, this causes circulation overload in the blood chambers, making the chambers weak or enlarged. 

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Photo Credits: JaypeeDigital

Congenital heart disease is a condition of the infant from birth also being a sickle cell disease patient. Electrical impulse problems are problems associated with the heart’s electrical system and increases sudden cardiac arrest or death. 

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )

Sickle Cell


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