Why do I have heartburn?
This is a very popular question amongst most people. Heartburn is a common condition that most adults suffer from from time to time and occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not close properly, causing gastric juices to flow back into the esophagus.
But what causes this esophageal valve not to close properly? Several factors cause this burning sensation to occur. Here is a list of possible causes of heartburn:
Eating large, high-fat meals
Overeating can make it difficult to digest food, which favors the appearance of heartburn, especially if we eat foods rich in fat or very heavy.
It is advisable to eat moderate portions in 5 meals a day, instead of 3 very large meals. It is also important to add proteins, vegetables and fruits to the diet and to control saturated fats.
Going to bed right after eating
The habit of going to bed after eating or having dinner very late and then going to bed, can favor acidity and also the presence of reflux at night, especially if the dinners are abundant and rich in fats.
This is due to the fact that the posture we adopt at bedtime may cause the esophageal sphincter to not work properly, allowing stomach acids to pass through.
Suffering from hiatal hernia
Hiatal hernia can hinder the functioning of the esophageal sphincter, favoring the presence of heartburn. This condition requires diagnosis and medical follow-up, so if you have a hiatal hernia or suspect its presence, go to a gastroenterologist for a customized control.
Consumption of some medications
Anti-inflammatory drugs, beta-blockers or antidepressants can be too aggressive for our stomach, favoring conditions such as heartburn and reflux.
If you are undergoing treatment with any of these products and you begin to experience discomfort, consult your doctor.
Abdominal fat accumulated in cases of overweight or obesity can compress the pit of the stomach, increasing the possibility of heartburn and reflux. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight is essential for our gastric and general health.
Due to hormonal changes and pressure on the abdominal area by the baby as it develops, we may suffer from heartburn during this stage. If this is your case, we invite you to read our article Causes of heartburn in pregnancy and how to relieve it. It is always recommended to consult your doctor before taking any medication during pregnancy.
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