Obesity is a common health issue that is defined by having a high percentage of body fat. A body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher is an indicator of obesity. Over the last few decades, obesity has become a considerable health problem. In fact, it’s now considered to be an epidemic in the United States. Common treatments for overweight and obesity include losing weight through healthy eating, being more physically active, and making other changes to your usual habits. Weight-management programs may help some people lose weight or keep from regaining lost weight. Some people who have obesity are unable to lose enough weight to improve their health or are unable to keep from regaining weight. In such cases, a doctor may consider adding other treatments, including weight-loss medicines, weight-loss devices, or bariatric surgery.
Weight-loss medications are meant to be used along with diet, exercise, and behavior changes. Before selecting a medication for you, your doctor will consider your health history, as well as possible side effects. The most commonly used medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of obesity include:
(a) Bupropion-naltrexone (Contrave).
(b) Liraglutide (Saxenda).
Weight-loss medications may not work for everyone, and the effects may wane over time. When you stop taking a weight-loss medication, you may regain much or all of the weight you lost.
Gastric injections are very effective with people that are very obese work by freezing the stomach muscles, which slows digestion and helps patients feel fuller faster. This treatment helps with more moderate weight loss goals, typically leading to a 5% to 10% weight loss. It’s also one of the least invasive procedures, requiring a single series of injections in the stomach that you can repeat after six months. Practitioners say it takes 10 minutes and is completely painless, noting that the injections may be a good option for those pursuing weight losses for cosmetic reasons, such as weight gain after pregnancy.
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