Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of blood cancer that is known to start in the bone marrow(the soft inner parts of bones).
Acute myeloid leukemia starts in but is not limited to cells that turn into white blood cells. AML prevents bone marrow cells from growing the way they are supposed to.
These unhealthy cells are sent to the blood where it builds up in your body. If not treated, AML can spread to the liver, lump nodes, testicles, spleen, brain, and spinal cord.
You stand a better chance at recovering from this type of blood cancer if you are younger than 60, have a low white blood cell count, and if haven’t had other blood disorders or cancers.
Chemicals such as benzene (a solvent that’s used in oil refineries and other industries and that’s found in cigarette smoke), pesticides, detergents, ionizing radiation, put you at risk of developing AML.
Photo Credit: Globalcitizen
Some chemotherapy drugs that are used in putting other forms of cancers, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, melphalan, and mitoxantrone, can be harmful to your body in the long run. It can also increase your risk of getting AML.
People with certain genetic syndromes like Down syndrome, trisomy 8, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome always have a high risk of the disease. There’s no way to prevent AML, however, you may lower your chances of developing the disease by avoiding all the risk factors that can be avoided. Like not smoking and limiting your contact with chemicals.
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