Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium that has a helical or spiral shape and has 6-8 flagella at one end. It enters the body and lives in the digestive tract, and after many years, it may cause sores in the stomach, resulting to stomach ulcer, or sores in the duodenum, resulting to duodenal ulcer.
Helicobacter pylori infection is common and about two-third of the world's population has it in their childhood stage and later in life can pose serious health problems.
It was previously thought that people got ulcer from stress, eating of spicy foods, taking pain killer drugs like ibuprofen and aspirin or smoking, but it was discovered in 1982 that Helicobacter pylori was the cause of most stomach ulcer as it lived in the body without causing any harm, but later damaged the lining of the stomach.
When helicobacter pylori enters the body, it first attacks the mucosa lining of the stomach that protects it (stomach) from the harmful effect of the stomach acid (hydrochloric acid, HCl). The bacterium does a lot of damage to the extent that the stomach acid gets through the stomach lining, which the lead to ulcer, resulting to bleeding in the stomach and prevention of food from moving through the digestive tract.
The symptoms of ulcer caused by Helicobacter pylori infection include a burning pain in the stomach, heartburn, bloating, burping, weight loss, nausea, loss of appetite, bloody or dark-red/black stool, dizziness, etc.
How To Prevent It
Helicobacter pylori infection is mostly caused by unhygienic practices and to prevent it, do these five things:
1. Wash your hands after using the restroom and bathroom.
2. Wash your hands before preparing or eating your food.
3. Avoid food or water that is not clean.
4. Wash your fruits before eating and also wash your vegetables before cooking.
5. Avoid food served by people who have not washed their hands.
Helicobacter pylori infection is mostly treated by the combination of antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The antibiotics frequently used are clarithromycin, metronidazole, and the proton pump inhibitor frequently used is omeprazole.
Don't hesitate to share this important information to others, you might just save them from having the infection. Like and drop your questions and comments.
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