How you can manage your broilers
Broilers production offers the most rapid and cost effective means of making available high quality animal protein to man. Poultry meat is mostly preferred to be beef because of its protein and lower calorie content in addition to other favorable meat qualities such as tenderness. Poultry meat is mostly preferred to others.
The brooding management of chicks and broilers is the same.
With good management couple with other factors such as good bread,environment and others,it is expected that the broiler should reach a market weight of 1.5 to 2kg at 10weeks.
The consumption of starter mash should be between 1.5 to 2kg/bird from 0 to 4weeks while the amount of broiler finisher should be between 3 to 4kg/bird from 5 to 10weeks with a corresponding weight of 1.5 to 2kg/bird.
Broiler needs good management more than layers especially during heat season,its need enough ventilation changing of its water time by time especially water without drugs inside,avoid over crowding the broilers,
Broilers die mostly when they are over crowded.
At the point of arrival of the chicks,you are expected to serve them water before you introduce the feed and make sure you add glucose to their water. The glucose will serve as anti stress and also give them energy so that they can be active and gain staminal.
The chicks are expected to be fed with broilers super starter after they might have been given water. They will be placed on starter feed for the the period of 28 days. More so the starter feed should be served inside a tray feeders. The more the chicks, the more will be the number of drinkers and feeders to be used. For 50 chicks, two drinkers and three tray feeders will be sufficient for them. After 28 days of been fed on starter the feed will now be change to broilers finisher be it marsh or pellets.
The brooder of day old chicks should be well monitored in terms of temperature regulation. if the chicks all clustered at a point that mean they need more heat. The chicks will be very active when the temperature is favourable to them. more importantly, the floor should be covered with wood shavings and not sawdust. You must ensure that the brooder is always kept dry in order to prevent CRD respiratory disease.
It is a must to vaccinate the chicks in order to prevent them from disease and infection. After seven days,they are to take vaccine known as lazota and this can be easily added to their drinking water. Another vaccine known as Gomboro vaccines will be administered into their drinking water at day Fourteen. You will repeat lazota and Gomboro vaccines for third and fourth weeks respectively.
Different diseases you can face when you start poultry business
symptoms of Newcastle disease in poultry are.
1. Twisting of head and neck
2. Swelling around the eyes and neck
3. Drooping feathers
5. Complete paralysis
6. Watery diarrhea
7. Muscular tremor
isolate those showing such signs and treat them with strong antibiotics or discard them completely or else they can infect the healthy once
New castle is a viral disease so if the birds are already infected ,the only thing you can do is to discard them. Because viral diseases like Newcastle can not be treated
In administering your vaccine Any disease has to be treated before administering any vaccine. You can skip the vaccine for 2-3 days and treat them before giving them the vaccine.
Vaccines are only for prevention not for treatment
Never try it else you may lose them . Treat ailment first
When we are talking about treating Newcastle disease first the internet says there is no treatment and no one has said they have successfully treated their birds of it .but do you know that its curable in organic though its a fifty - fifty chance
Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that occurs when a microscopic parasitic organism (called a protozoa) attaches itself to the intestinal lining of a chicken. It damages the tissue of the gut, causing bleeding (which can be evident in their droppings), prevents the chicken from absorbing nutrients and creates an environment in which bacteria can thrive. Basically it’s bad news for chickens. Younger chickens (under six months) are more at risk as they haven’t yet had time to develop their natural immunity, however adult birds can also become affected.
What are the symptoms?
Coccidiosis works quickly as the incubation period is only about eight days. Symptoms can present either gradually or suddenly – it’s not uncommon for a chicken to appear fine one day and very sick or even dead the next. The most common symptom you might notice is blood or mucous in the droppings. However, don’t get this confused with caecal droppings chickens shed naturally that is also brown/red in colour.
Also note, blood in poop is not necessarily always a symptom, so also look out for:
Weak, listless looking chickens not moving around much
Huddling together as if cold
Pale comb and skin
A loss of appetite
Baby chicks failing to grow
Inconsistent egg laying – or not at all
How is it spread?
Unfortunately it’s easily spread. The oocyst can be transmitted via shoes, shovels, contaminated water, food and poop.
Ensure water is clean and fresh
Keep feeding areas clean and dry and don’t throw food on the ground where it can be contaminated
Ensure your girls have enough space – coccidiosis will take off in an overcrowded area. Chickens need four square feet of space each in their coops
Provide medicated starter feed for chicks. If your chicks have been vaccinated against coccidiosis, don’t give them medicated starter feed, it will simply cancel out their vaccination.
If you live in a particularly wet area consider giving amprolium as a preventative.
If introducing new members to your team of chickens, keep them quarantined for a minimum of two weeks, for the protection of everyone in the hen house.
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