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Nutrition and Nutritional glossaries


How would you define Good Nutrition?

Good Nutrition means your body gets all the nutrients, vitamins and minerals it needs to work it's best. Plan your meals to and snacks to include nutrient-dense foods that are also low in calories.

Importance of Good Nutrition

Good Nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases ( such as heart disease and cancer) and promote your overall health.

Good Nutrition can help:

1. Reduce high blood pressure

2. Lower high cholesterol

3. Improve your well-being

4. Improve your ability to fight off illness

5. Reduces risk of some diseases including diabetes, stroke, some cancers and osteoporosis.

NUTRITIONAL GLOSSARIES: Vitamins, Minerals, Amino acids and Herbs


Vitamins: the importance of vitamins to health, fitness and mental well-being of humans cannot be overstated. In fact, vitamins play a role in virtually every bodily function that occurs. For instance, vitamins provide metabolism for normal growth,

the formation of bones and tissues, and protect against viruses and disease. Vitamins also assist in the formation of hormones, blood cells, and countless chemicals within the human body. Vitamins are also necessary for metabolism and create metabolically active enzymes which are required for numerous bodily functions to occur.

There are a total of thirteen vitamins, four that are fat-soluble and nine that are water-soluble

Minerals such as Calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Potassium, Sodium and Zinc are vital elements that play a key role in virtually every reaction that takes place within the billions of cells within the human body.

For example, minerals are responsible for enabling enzymes, activating chemical reactions, building good bone structure, and even promoting healthy brain function.

Minerals and vitamins have a synergistic relationship. In other words, both vitamins and minerals have to be present in the body before either can perform their intended functions.

For instance, both vitamins and minerals are needed to make antioxidant enzymes that protect the body from free-radical damage.

Minerals are not manufactured within the body. The only way to provide the human body with minerals is through a healthy and nutritious diet or supplementation.

When an individuals diet is lacking the appropriate amount of fruits and vegetables the probability of having some form of mineral deficiency is likely.

Amino acid play several key roles within the human body and are responsible, or assist with, several bodily functions required to sustain life.

For instance, amino acids assist in building and maintaining all bodily tissues like skin, muscles, ligaments, tendons, organs, blood, and bones.

Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein and are the vital components of skin, hair, muscle tissue, the body's organs, blood cells, various enzymes, hormones, and body fluids. Amino Acids are also responsible for regulating functions such as growth, digestion, and maintaining the body's immune system.There are two kinds of Amino Acids: essential (not produced internally) and non-essential (produced internally).


Herbs are derived from plants and are used for medicinal purposes, aromatherapy, spices for cooking, and relaxation and are available in several forms. Herbs have been used for thousands of years to treat injuries, illnesses, and virtually any condition that is detrimental to the human body or mind.

The actual plant, leaves, stems, oils from the herb, roots, flowers, and resin can be used in various ways to provide a wide range of both physical and mental health benefits, and to improve rest, relaxation, and a sense of calmness.

In addition, many individuals enjoy cooking with herbs as they not only provide and enhance the flavor of a meal, but provide countless nutritional benefits as well.

They may include Ginger, Thyme, Garlic,Mint,Saffron, Cranberry,Rosemary,Tea, Fennel, Coriander,Bay, Balm, lemon, aloe ,etc.











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Good Nutrition

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