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Drugs You Should Never Take Without Doctor's Prescription

According to Healthline, the kidneys play a vital role in our body as they filter waste and excess fluid, regulate blood pressure, and produce essential hormones. However, certain medications can potentially harm the kidneys, especially when taken without proper medical guidance. In this article, we will discuss some drugs known to have adverse effects on the kidneys that should be avoided without medical supervision.

1. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs):

NSAIDs like ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen are commonly used to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. Nonetheless, these drugs can be detrimental to the kidneys, particularly if used for prolonged periods or in high doses. By reducing blood flow to the kidneys and damaging their delicate structures, NSAIDs can lead to acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is crucial to always follow a doctor's instructions when taking NSAIDs and avoid exceeding the recommended dosage.

2. Antibiotics:

Antibiotics are prescribed to treat bacterial infections, and while they are generally safe and effective, some antibiotics can cause kidney damage, especially when used for extended periods or in excessive amounts. Examples of antibiotics known to potentially harm the kidneys include aminoglycosides, vancomycin, and sulfonamides. If you require antibiotics, it is essential to adhere to your doctor's instructions and take the medication as prescribed.

3. Antacids:

Over-the-counter antacids like calcium carbonate and aluminum hydroxide are commonly used to relieve heartburn and acid reflux. However, excessive or prolonged use of these drugs can result in kidney damage.

4. ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs):

These medications are frequently prescribed to manage high blood pressure and heart failure. Nevertheless, in some individuals, particularly those with pre-existing kidney issues, ACE inhibitors and ARBs can potentially cause kidney damage.

5. Acid-suppressing drugs:

Acid-suppressing drugs, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 (H2) blockers, are commonly employed in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other digestive disorders. However, long-term use of these drugs can increase the risk of kidney damage, especially in older adults and individuals with pre-existing kidney problems. If acid-suppressing drugs are necessary, it is crucial to discuss the potential risks and benefits of prolonged usage with your doctor.

6. Herbal supplements:

Certain herbal supplements, such as ephedra and aristolochia, can potentially cause kidney damage when used excessively or for prolonged periods. It is always important to consult a doctor before taking any herbal supplements, particularly if you have existing kidney problems.

In conclusion, there are various drugs that can harm the kidneys if taken without proper medical guidance. To safeguard your kidneys, it is crucial to consult with a doctor before taking any medications, adhere to prescribed dosages, and never exceed recommended doses. If you experience symptoms of kidney damage, such as decreased urine output, swelling, or fatigue, seek immediate medical attention. By taking care of your kidneys, you can prevent serious health complications and maintain a long and healthy life.

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