Depression is a mental illness in which a person experiences deep, uncontrollable unhappiness and waning interest in mostly all activities. Some use the word depression to describe the limited sadnesses, choking loneliness, or blues that everyone feels from time to time. In contrast to normal sadness, severe depression can dramatically impair a person's ability to function in social situations and at work. People with severe depression always have feelings of despair, hopelessness and worthlessness, as well as thought of commiting suicide. Depression can take many other forms. In bipolar disorder, at times called manic-depressive illness, a person's mood swings back and forth between depression and mania. People with seasonal affective disorder typically suffer from depression only during severe or mildly cold period, when the rate of sunlight is minimal. In dysthymia, people feels depressed, have low self-esteem, and concentrate unenthusiastically most of the time but their symptoms are milder than in severe depression. Some people with dysthymia experience occasional episodes of severe depression. Mental health professionals use the term clinical depression to refer to any of the above forms of depression.Surveys indicate that people commonly view depression as a sign of personal weakness, but psychiatrists and psychologists view it as a real illness.
Many drugs are used to cure the health issue.
Up to 70% of people with depression respond to antidepressant drugs. These medications appear to work by altering the levels of serotonin, nerepinephrine, and other neurotransmitters in the brain. They generally take at least three weeks to become effective. Doctors cannot predict which type of antiperspirant drug will work best for any particular person, so depressed people may need to try several types. Antidepressant drugs are not additive, but they may produce unwanted side effects. To avoid relapse, people usually must continue taking the medication for several months after their symptoms improve.
Short-term psychotherapy can relieve mild to moderate depression as efficaciously as antidepressant drugs. Unlike medication, psychotherapy produces no psychological side effects. In addition, depressed people treated with psychotherapy appear less likely to experience a relapse than those only treated with antidepressant medication. However, psychotherapy usually takes longer to produce benefits. Electroconvulsive therapy can be used to relieve severe depression in people who fail to respond to antidepressant medication and psychotherapy.
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