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Stroke (Cerebral) In Sickle Cell Disease

Cerebral stroke is a type of stroke found in sickle cell disease patients. Stroke in sickle cell disease patients could occur either as cerebral stroke due to cerebrovascular damage, or hemorrhagic stroke caused by hemorrhoids or due to ischemia, which is ischemic stroke. The brain has three main components which are the brainstem, cerebellum, and cerebrum.

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain containing two hemispheres called the left and right hemispheres. The cerebrum is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as the interpretation of sensory information and speech, along with reasoning ability, emotions, learning ability, and the fine control of motor movements. 

Photo Credits: Sickle Cell Disease News

With damage to the cerebrum part of the brain due to constriction in blood flow to the brain is cerebral stroke. Cerebral stroke is characterized by damage to the brain from recon current and long-term interruption of blood supply to either part of the body. Cerebral stroke is due to the disruption or reduction of blood supply to the brain. 

Photo Credits: Nature

The lack of supply results in the lack of oxygen or nutrients to the brain and then leads to the death of brain cells. The disruption and reduction in blood flow can be a result of a ruptured artery to the brain. 

Photo Credits: IntechOpen

The following symptoms indicate a cerebral stroke in sickle cell disease patients: difficulty in seeing from either one eye or both eyes, trouble in walking, trouble in speaking, difficulty in understanding, a persistent headache, a feeling of numbness or paralysis on the face, leg, or arm, dizziness, a lack of coordination, depression, difficulty in controlling bladder or bowel movements, and paralysis or weakness on one or both sides of the body. 

Photo Credits: Nationwide Children’s Hospital

The major causes of cerebral stroke include; an inactive lifestyle due to depression or other related factors, obesity or being overweight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, cardiovascular diseases, and family history. Most ischemic strokes affect the cerebrum and can be divided into the left brain or cerebral stroke and right brain or cerebral stroke. 

Content created and supplied by: Dr-Kikiope (via Opera News )

Sickle Cell Disease

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