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Swollen Kidney: Causes, Symptoms, Areas Of The Body Where It Is Felt, And Foods To Eat

The urinary tract, which is a structure responsible for the removal of wastes and fluid from the body has four parts namely; the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urine is made by the kidneys as they filter blood to remove excess waste materials and fluid, with the urine formed collecting in a part of the kidney called the renal pelvis. From here, the urine travels through the ureter into the bladder, where the urine is stored and then transported outside the body when it is full.

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However, the process described above can be tampered with or affected when there is either a blockage of the outflow of urine or reflux of urine stored in the bladder, thereby causing the renal pelvis (kidney) to become enlarged. This condition is what is called hydronephrosis and as stated before, is the swelling of a kidney due to the accumulation of urine. It occurs when urine cannot exit the kidney to the bladder due to a blockage or obstruction.

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Hydronephrosis can sometimes be severe when the blockage is severe and could lead to kidney failure. In such severe cases, there may be a need to remove the accumulated urine using either a catheter to drain it from the bladder or a nephrostomy, a tube that drains urine from the kidney. Treatment of a swollen kidney often revolves around getting the excess fluid drained as soon as possible to avoid any permanent damage to the kidneys, but many people often recover from the condition when treated on time.

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Hydronephrosis is often an indication of another ailment or risk factor, and some of the conditions that can cause it include kidney stone, blood clot, tumour or cancer (bladder, cervical, colon, or prostate), noncancerous prostate enlargement, scarring of tissue from injury or previous surgery, congenital blockage, and urinary tract infection. When one of a person's kidneys is swollen, it would show certain symptoms. Such symptoms include:

1. Pain

2. Pain during urination

3. Increased urge and frequency of urination

4. Incomplete urination

5. Urinary incontinence

6. Nausea and fever.

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When there is a swollen kidney, pain is often the main symptom and the pain could be felt in certain areas of the body that include:

1. Abdomen

2. Groin areas

3. The side and back (flank pain)

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Diet plays a crucial role in many of the conditions that affect the human body including urological and kidney conditions. Increased consumption of certain foods that we can term "urinary tract friendly foods" can help to keep every part of your urinary tract, including the kidneys in top shape and prevent hydronephrosis. A few examples of such foods are highlighted below:

1. Pears

2. Bananas

3. Green beans

4. Winter squash

5. Potatoes

6. Lean protein

7. Nuts

8. Eggs

9. Bread

10. Whole grains

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Source: Kidney.org.

Content created and supplied by: Jakeson (via Opera News )

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