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8 Main Foods That Cause Food Allergies

Foods such as eggs, milk and peanuts are among the main culprits in causing food allergy, a problem that arises from an overreaction of the immune system against the food ingested.

Food allergy symptoms are most common in infants and children, but they can appear at any age. It is also possible to develop an allergy to foods that you have been in the habit of consuming, even for a long time, and it is important to be aware of the symptoms. 

Check out the 8 main foods that can cause food allergies:

1. Peanut

Peanut allergy causes symptoms such as itchy skin with red spots, tingling in the throat, a swollen mouth, a runny or congested nose, and, in some cases, nausea.

To treat, the peanuts and all products that use peanuts in their composition must be removed from the diet, and it is important to read the labels of processed foods to identify their presence.

For people who have food allergies, even in mild cases, attention is recommended with peanuts and their derivatives, as this is one of the foods that most frequently cause anaphylaxis, a condition that requires immediate attention and treatment, because when not treated, it can quickly place life at risk. 

2. Seafood

Also known as shellfish, seafood includes shellfish such as shrimp, crab and lobster, and shellfish such as mussels, oysters and scallops.

This is one of the most dangerous allergies, and can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, poor digestion, itchy body, difficulty swallowing, pale or blue skin , mental confusion and a weak pulse. Therefore, for people who have already had an episode of food allergy, it is recommended to exclude these foods from the diet completely.

In addition, if you present any symptoms, however mild it may be after eating these foods, it is recommended to seek the nearest health center. 

3. cow's milk

Most cases of cow's milk allergy arise in the first year of life, and these people also often have allergies to the milk of other animals such as goats and sheep.

Symptoms appear shortly after consumption and among the most common is diarrhea, however, itching, upset stomach and vomiting can also appear. Therefore, it is recommended to suspend products that may contain milk from cows and other animals, even in powdered form.

If the allergy is present in young children, the pediatrician will indicate the best formula to replace animal milk. 

4. Oilseeds

The most common oleaginous fruits that cause food allergy are almonds, hazelnuts, Brazil nuts and cashews. Among the symptoms presented are nausea, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing, itchy skin and face, nasal congestion or a runny nose, and shortness of breath.

To avoid allergic crisis, the consumption of these fruits and products that contain them in the composition or that are their derivatives, such as almond milk, creams, oils, pastes and butters, should be suspended.

5. Egg

Egg allergy can appear in childhood or adulthood, and presents symptoms such as itchy skin accompanied by red lumps, in addition to respiratory problems and stomach pain.

To avoid these and other more serious symptoms, you should remove eggs from the diet and be aware that the product label contains ingredients such as egg whites or yolks. 

6. Wheat

Wheat allergy can arise at any stage of life and the symptoms caused by this allergy are usually nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache and in some cases, difficulty breathing.

To reduce symptoms, wheat must be removed from the diet and all foods that use wheat in their composition. Alternatively, you can use amaranth, corn, oats, quinoa, rice and tapioca.

7. Fish

Unlike other foods, fish allergy usually only appears in adulthood and does not mean that the person should avoid all types of fish, as the allergy may only arise to one or a few different species, such as sharks or swordfish per example. Also, having an allergy to fish does not mean that a person will develop an allergy to seafood, such as shrimp and lobster.

The symptoms that usually appear are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, itching and red bumps on the skin, a stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, headache and, in more severe cases, asthma. To avoid food allergy crises, it is recommended to remove these foods from the diet. 

8. Soybean

Soy is one of the allergens that, despite not being frequently consumed in grains, is present in the composition of several foods and can cause symptoms such as redness and itching in the body and mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and a stuffy nose.

Therefore, it is recommended that people who have food allergies, check the packaging of all products before consuming them, in order to remove soy from the diet so that allergy crises are avoided. 

(Reference - https://www.webmd.com/allergies/food-triggers)

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