The uric acid is responsible for one of the most common conditions affecting the joints, the drop. It is a painful form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid levels in the blood are high. This causes crystals to form and collect around a joint, causing pain that can be very uncomfortable.
The uric acid is produced when the body breaks a chemical called purine. This substance occurs naturally in the body, although it is also found in certain foods. For this reason, eating a proper diet and avoiding foods with purines can help keep uric acid under control and prevent a gout attack. By avoiding these attacks we also reduce the progression of joint damage.
As explained by the Mayo Clinic, through a specific diet for gout we will also achieve a healthy weight and good eating habits , avoid some of the foods that provide purine and that control uric acid levels.
- Foods to avoid
In general, there are a series of foods that we should avoid to reduce uric acid in the blood. These are the eight most important:
- Fatty red meats and especially organ meats such as liver, kidneys or heart
- Blue or fatty fish: those that contain the most are sardines, tuna and salmon.
- Any type of shellfish, as they are a high source of purine. Especially the shrimp, lobster, prawns, prawns, crab, mussels, clams, oysters, and scallops.
- Fatty sausages such as sausage, chorizo, and salami
- Legumes rich in purine such as chickpeas.
- Fatty dairy such as whole milk and aged cheese.
- Sugary drinks. They are not recommended since sugar competes with uric acid when it comes to being expelled in the body
- Alcoholic beverages , especially those with a higher alcohol content such as gin, brandy, whiskey or vodka.
- Indicated foods:
On the contrary, in the diet against gout we must incorporate:
- Complex carbohydrates: Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains provide complex carbohydrates. There is evidence that eating cherries is associated with a lower risk of gout attacks.
- Water: Drink water to maintain good hydration.
- Proteins: Eat mostly lean poultry and red meat, low-fat dairy, and lentils as a source of protein.
- Vitamin C: Vitamin C can help lower uric acid levels.
- Coffee: Some research indicates that moderate consumption of coffee, especially regular caffeinated coffee, may be associated with a lower risk of gout.
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