The term assisted suicide comes as a shock to most but it is term that bears more than it seems, It has both a medical and legal use as It has long been a controversial and emotive topic of discourse.
It is scientifically termed Euthanasia which is a deliberate act of ending a life to relieve pain or persistent suffering, In most countries, euthanasia is against the law and may carry a jail sentence. However In the United States, the law varies between states.
Euthanasia: A doctor is allowed by law to end a person’s life by a painless means, as long as the patient and their family agree to it.
Assisted suicide: A doctor assists a patient to end his/her life if they request it.
There are codes of medical ethics that fully explain the act of euthanasia as it says in Code of ethics 5.7 that:
"Physician-assisted suicide occurs when a physician facilitates a patient’s death by providing the necessary means and/or information to enable the patient to perform the life-ending act (e.g., the physician provides sleeping pills and information about the lethal dose, while aware that the patient may commit suicide). It is understandable, though tragic, that some patients in extreme duress—such as those suffering from a terminal, painful, debilitating illness—may come to decide that death is preferable to life. However, permitting physicians to engage in assisted suicide would ultimately cause more harm than good".
Euthanasia can also be classified as voluntary or involuntary, where;
Voluntary euthanasia is conducted with consent and is legal in Belgium, The Netherlands, Switzerland and Washington in the U.S.
Non-voluntary euthanasia is conducted on a person who is not able to give consent due to their current health condition. In such case the decision is made by another person who has the authority to and such person must consider quality of life and condition at hand.
Involuntary euthanasia is performed on a person who would be able to provide informed consent, but does not, either because they do not want to die, or because they were not asked. This is called murder, as it’s often against the patients will.
When you're approaching the last stage of your life, you have a right to high quality, personalized end of life care that helps you live as well as possible until you die.
Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )
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