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Disease prevention and treatment

Prevention and treatment of viral and contagious disease, Mumps

Mumps is a viral and contagious disease that primarily affects the salivary glands (glands responsible for producing saliva).

This infection is usually passed from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions, and close personal contact; its core symptom is the swelling of the salivary glands located behind and below your ears. 

If one is infected with mumps, it could lead to further complications such as hearing loss which is not common though but can be potentially serious.

Mumps is caused by a virus known as paramyxovirus which is also a related cause of measles and other respiratory diseases. In childhood, immunization shots are usually given to prevent the occurrence of mumps but it still most commonly affects children.

However, once you have had mumps, there will be no future recurrence. 

SYMPTOMS

Some infected people have no or very few symptoms, for some others, it usually appears within two weeks of exposure to the virus and the flu-related symptoms may be the first to appear, than these:

Body aches and headache

Weakness and fatigue

Loss of appetite

High fever (103°F) or low-grade fever

Swelling of salivary glands which will not all swell at once

Pain while chewing or swallowing

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HOW MUMPS IS TREATED

Mumps being viral in nature makes it unresponsive to antibiotics or other medications but there are other means to treat the symptoms and make yourself more comfortable which include:

Take proper rests when you feel weak or tired

Non-aspirin medications and pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen to bring down your fever

Using ice packs to soothe pain in the swollen glands

Drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated

More intake of foods that aren’t hard to chew

Gargle warm saltwater

Avoid acidic beverages because they could lead to more pain in your salivary glands.

Mumps must be allowed to run its course for a couple of weeks after which you are no longer contagious and you should be feeling better. 

PREVENTION OF MUMPS

Children are usually vaccinated with the MMR (mumps, measles, and rubella) vaccine against mumps between 12 and 15 months of age and also between the ages of 4 and 6 and this makes it highly preventable. It is therefore very important that your child be vaccinated to reduce his or her risk of being infected with the disease.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

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