Nausea can be defined as a feeling of discomfort associated with an urge to vomit. It is usually referred to as feeling sick or feeling sick and is felt in the throat or stomach pain.
Approximately 80% of patients undergoing cancer treatment have nausea and vomiting. But there are many medications that can control these symptoms well.
Causes of Nausea and Vomiting
- Food Poisoning
- Early Pregnancy
- Gallbladder disease
- Intense Pain and other Various diseases.
Nausea and vomiting in cancer patients can be caused for many reasons. Most of the time, these are short-term problems and disappear with the end of treatment. If they persist, do not improve with the end of treatment, or make it difficult to eat or drink, inform your doctor immediately.
Problems caused by nausea and vomiting
When nausea and vomiting are intense or last for a long time, they can make it difficult for you to carry out your daily tasks. They can also hinder the performance of your cancer treatment.
Vomiting can lead to dehydration, which is a lack of fluids and minerals needed by the body. It can also make you feel tired, have problems concentrating, lose weight and lose appetite. These side effects should be treated right away to help you maintain your weight and energy.
Nausea and vomiting treatment
Medications used to control nausea are called antiemetics. Every patient undergoing cancer treatment can and should receive medication to prevent nausea and vomiting.
Antiemetic medications are administered regularly throughout the day, that is, the patient takes them even if he does not have symptoms. But sometimes these medications are administered as needed; the patient should take the medication at the first sign of nausea to prevent it from getting worse. Sometimes 2 or more medications are administered simultaneously.
How to reduce nausea or vomiting
In case you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy, to reduce nausea and vomiting:
- Try to eat normally while taking the treatment. Most patients prefer to have a light meal or snack before chemotherapy sessions.
- Choose foods and drinks that are easy to digest or make you feel better.
- Wear comfortable clothes.
- Inform your doctor when antiemetic medications are not working.
- Avoid sounds, images and odours that cause nausea and vomiting.
- Talk to your doctor about alternatives you can try, such as hypnosis, biofeedback, or guided imagery.
What can you do to eat the best you can during treatment?
- Don't be picky with yourself if you can't eat. Try eating small meals or snacks throughout the day instead of three large meals.
- Add some extra calories and protein to your meals. Nutritional supplements can help during this period. Try experimenting with different brands to discover new flavors. Never take any supplements or medications on your own. It is important that your doctor knows what you are taking and when.
- Eat foods that are appetising to you.
- Try cold or room-temperature foods.
- Make the most of the days when you feel good and feel like eating. But listen to your body. Don't force yourself to eat.
- Ask family and friends for help with shopping and cooking.
- Keep your mouth clean. Brush your teeth and rinse your mouth every time you vomit. Eating well is important during and after treatment. If you experience side effects from antiemetic medications or they are not controlling your symptoms, talk to your doctor right away.
Talk to your doctor.
Nausea and vomiting can be side effects of cancer treatment. But that doesn't mean they can't be treated. Talk to your doctor if you are experiencing nausea so the cause can be diagnosed and treated.
(Reference - https://www.medicinenet.com/nausea_and_vomiting/article.htm, https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/nausea-and-vomiting/managing.html)
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