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Here are the 3 groups of offences you can be convicted for in Nigeria.

Offences are defined by Section 2 of the Criminal Code to be an act or omission which is rendered punishable by some legislative enactment. For a person to be said to have committed an offence, it must be adequately proved that there was:

An intention to commit the said offence

The physical commission of that offence

According to Section 3 of the Criminal Code, offences are majorly classified into three. They include:

1. Simple Offences:

These types of offences are the ones with the least imprisonment time. The maximum time that a person convicted of a simple offence can spend is a period not up to 6 months. Simple Offences are usually bailable offences. However, if the court feels otherwise, an application for bail would be rejected.

2. Misdemeanour:

According to the Criminal Code, these types of offences are punishable with six months imprisonment up to a period of 3 years imprisonment. In simpler terms, the minimum punishment for a misdemeanour is 6 months, while the maximum punishment is 3 years. A person arrested for a misdemeanour is only granted bail at the discretion of the judge.

3. Felony:

Under the Nigerian Law, an offence considered to be a felony is a very serious one. They are offences punishable with 3 years imprisonment or more. In certain cases, the offence may be so severe as to attract a death penalty. An offence regarded as a felony is not a bailable one i.e the offender cannot be released on bail except in certain circumstances.

Also, before a person can be arrested for an offence considered to be a felony, the officer making the arrest must have been issued a warrant of arrest. An exception is if such offence was committed in the presence of the officer.

Do ask any questions you might have below.

Content created and supplied by: Busayomi (via Opera News )

Criminal Code Simple Offences


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