According to the Collins English Dictionary, a lawyer is a person who is qualified to advise people and represent them in court.
1. Provision of representation in courts:
Although every person can decide to represent themselves when they have a matter in court, only lawyers can represent others. This right allows them to represent other persons in any proceedings and to also prepare documents relating to such proceedings in all courts in Nigeria.
2. Preparation of Land Agreements, Deeds and other Conveyancing Instruments:
Conveyancing instruments refer to documents that transfer the interest in a property from one person to another. It is only a legal practitioner that has the right to prepare any document transferring, conferring, limiting, charging or extinguishing any right, title or interest in land.
3. Preparation of documents for probate matters:
Where a person has died without leaving a will behind and his properties want to be shared, his children or relatives can apply for grant of probate or letters of administration. This document is expected to be prepared only by a lawyer.
4. Appointment as judges of superior courts:
Only a legal practitioner can be appointed as a judge if a superior court except the Sharia Court of Appeal and the Customary Court of Appeal.
5. Appointment as Attorney General:
An Attorney General could either be for a state or for the federation. This office is saddled with the responsibility of defending a state or the federation in matters relating to them respectively. Only a lawyer can be appointed as an Attorney General of a state or federation or as a minister/commissioner for justice.
6. Appointment as Notary Public:
A Notary Public is an official of integrity appointed by state government typically by the secretary of state to serve the public as an impartial witness in performing a variety of official fraud-deterrent acts related to the signing of important documents. Only lawyers are entitled to be appointed as a notary public in Nigeria.
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